Nuclear Munitions

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nuclear Munitions


rocket warheads, torpedoes, aerial bombs, depth charges, artillery shells, and land mines that contain the nuclear explosive charge for the destruction of various targets, fortifications, and installations and for other purposes.

The action of nuclear munitions is based on the use of the energy released during the explosion of the nuclear explosive charge. Such munitions consist of a nuclear explosive charge, a detonation system, and a casing that protects the charge and the fuze system from the action of the external environment and enemy weapons. The casing also serves to secure the nuclear munition to the carrier.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Russian leader said that these drones could be armed with both conventional and nuclear munitions and would be capable of destroying enemy infrastructure, carrier-led naval forces and other objectives.
While in the past the US simply used the leftover plutonium to produce more nuclear munitions, it is now obliged under a 2010 treaty with Russia to keep its arsenal under 1,550 warheads.
The acquirement of nuclear weapons or the provisions and knowledge by non-state entities and individuals often characterized as "terrorists," to produce nuclear munitions (another practice of horizontal proliferation).
According to the BRR, "the issue of declining nuclear expertise is a problem in specific areas in the Air Force--including operations, nuclear munitions officers, weapons technicians, and security forces." The BRR noted, for example, that "in the support arena, a recently selected munitions squadron commander had dated experience (limited exposure as a second lieutenant).", The Report of the Secretary of Defense Task Force on DoD Nuclear Weapons Management (hereafter referred to as the Schlesinger Report) also highlighted the need for the Air Force "to focus on developing and managing nuclear-experienced personnel, particularly in maintenance and security personnel" and provided several observations related to maintenance officer shortages at missile wings.
Although senior Iranian officials deny that they are seeking nuclear munitions, many Western analysts believe that the enrichment effort now under way at a huge centrifuge facility in Natanz is intended to produce highly enriched uranium for an eventual Iranian bomb.
Technical problems that emerged over the life of the nuclear weapon could be resolved through explosive testing of nuclear munitions. The availability of funds to continually upgrade the nuclear weapons stockpile and the opportunity to test the weapons themselves contributed to high confidence in the safety and reliability of the deployed weapon systems.
Beginning later this year, four Trident submarines will begin replacing their nuclear munitions with conventional, precision-guided Tomahawk cruise missiles.
The B-1B began operations in 1986 as a long-range heavy bomber designed primarily to carry nuclear munitions. Although the B-1B's nuclear mission was withdrawn in October 1997, the Air Force continues to rely on the B-1B to support conventional wartime missions.
First, there is the vexed question of what nuclear munitions were temporarily lost when the destroyer Coventry and the frigates Antelope and Ardent were sunk by Argentine aircraft in San Garlos Water.
There is no real evidence that TNW demilitarization took place, because the Russian 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense [responsible for nuclear munitions deployment, testing, security] and Miniatom [oversees deactivation of nuclear weapons and stockpiles of plutonium] don't talk to each other and have poor record-keeping capability."
Prepared to deliver high-explosive or nuclear munitions at a moment's notice, the B-2 has massive firepower.
One of the most potent weapons used in the Persian Gulf conflict, fuel-air explosives have come to replace tactical nuclear munitions as the preferred weapon for attacking dug-in troops and heavy fortifications.

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