Nuclear-Free Zone

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Nuclear-Free Zone


in international law a demilitarized zone from which the most dangerous types of weapons—atomic and thermonuclear—are excluded. One of the methods of maintaining international peace and security in accordance with the principles and stipulations of the United Nations Charter.

Proposals for the establishment of nuclear-free zones in various parts of the world make it possible to limit to a certain extent the distribution and use of nuclear weapons. The idea of a nuclear-free zone was first applied in practice in the international Antarctic Treaty of 1959, in article 5 of which it is stated that all nuclear explosions and burial of radioactive matter shall be prohibited in the Antarctic.

On Feb. 14, 1958, the minister of foreign affairs of the Polish People’s Republic, A. Rapacki, proposed an extensive program for the creation of a zone in Europe, which would include the Polish People’s Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, and the Federal Republic of Germany, which would be free of atomic weapons, and in which conventional weapons would be limited. This so-called Rapacki plan was approved by many countries. In December 1963 the Polish People’s Republic introduced a proposal for the “freezing” (that is, the maintenance of the status quo) of nuclear weapons in central Europe, which became known as the Gomulka plan. In May 1968 the government of the USSR proposed that the whole Mediterranean region should be proclaimed a nuclear-free zone and declared its willingness not to deploy any nuclear weapons or their means of delivery in Mediterranean waters provided that the same obligations were assumed by other states. This proposal of the USSR was favorably received by the Mediterranean countries. In September 1957 the Rumanian People’s Republic proposed that a conference of the heads of government of the Balkan states should be convened to consider the question of strengthening peace in the Balkans, and on June 25, 1959, the government of the USSR proposed the creation of a nuclear-free zone in the Balkans and the Adriatic region.

In November 1961 the United Nations General Assembly at its 16th session adopted a special resolution declaring Africa to be a nuclear-free zone, and in 1964 at its 19th session it adopted a resolution declaring Latin America to be a nuclear-free zone.


References in periodicals archive ?
But the policy did provide some of our councillors with trips to Spain and Germany for Nuclear Free Zone conferences and seminars.
If Israel and Iran were to indicate a readiness to join a process toward turning the Middle East into a nuclear free zone this would be a major game changer in negotiations on Iran's nuclear program," adds Steven Kull, director of PIPA, a joint program of the Center on Policy Attitudes and the Center on International Security Studies at Maryland.
Although the Dine have declared their nation a nuclear free zone, they are nonetheless threatened by two new uranium projects on the outskirts of their land.
As the knives sharpen around Whitehall, he may well be thinking his brainchild, the much-pilloried Nuclear Free Zone committee, wasn't such a bad place to be after all.
There have been three sets of nuclear disarmament negotiations and their treaties which have a bearing on French nuclear testing: the nuclear nonproliferation treaty (NPT), the comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT) and the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty (SPNFZ).
The Review Conference, that kicked off April 27 had closed down its sessions yesterday with the failure of adopting a final censuses on Middle East Nuclear free zone.
Representatives of Iran, the Arab governments along with Venezuela, Cuba and some other governments believe that the main reason for creation of a nuclear free zone in the Middle East region is the threat posed by the Zionist regime for possessing stockpiles of nuclear weapons.
I thought independence would be particularly appropriate years ago when Kirklees declared itself a nuclear free zone.
committees have prepared a half dozen WILPF seminars for them on the proposed nuclear free zone in the Middle East and on possibilities for needed changes in U.
Canberra, Nov 29 (ANI): If India does not agree to open its military facilities to nuclear inspectors, then Australia's decision to sell uranium would breach the federal government's obligations under the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, an expert has said.
The CND, for example always held very large and successful rallies and were a very vocal presence here in the '60s and '70s and there is this mentality that seems to regard Wales as almost a nuclear free zone.
Egypt has submitted a draft resolution to the UN General Assembly that calls for making the Middle East a nuclear free zone, based on a full commitment by countries in the region, including Israel, to the rulings of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

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