Nuclear moments

Nuclear moments

Intrinsic properties of atomic nuclei: electric moments result from deviations of the nuclear charge distribution from spherical symmetry; magnetic moments are a consequence of the intrinsic spin and the rotational motion of nucleons within the nucleus. The classical definitions of the magnetic and electric multipole moments are written in general in terms of multipole expansions. See Nuclear structure, Spin (quantum mechanics)

In special cases nuclear moments can be measured by direct methods involving the interaction of the nucleus with an external magnetic field or with an electric field gradient produced by the scattering of high-energy charged particles. In general, however, nuclear moments manifest themselves through the hyperfine interaction between the nuclear moments and the fields or field gradients produced by either the atomic electrons' currents and spins, or the molecular or crystalline electronic and lattice structures. See Hyperfine structure

References in periodicals archive ?
Two possible types of nuclear moments of inertia have been suggested which reflect two different aspects of nuclear dynamics.

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