Nuer


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Nuer

(no͞o`ər, no͝or), a Nilotic people living around Lake No in South Sudan. Their economy and social life generally revolve around cattle, which are grazed on the plains during the dry season and in the hills during the wet season. During the dry season, the Nuer also fish, hunt, and gather wild plant foods. At their initiation, boys receive six horizontal cuts in the forehead and are given cattle; thereafter they belong to an age gradeage grade and age set,
differentiation of social role based on age, commonly found in small-scale societies of North America and East Africa.
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, with whom they will advance into various positions within the clan over the period of their lives. Descent is patrilineal, and when a man marries he receives more cattle from his father (see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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 and kinshipkinship,
relationship by blood (consanguinity) or marriage (affinity) between persons; also, in anthropology and sociology, a system of rules, based on such relationships, governing descent, inheritance, marriage, extramarital sexual relations, and sometimes residence.
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). There is no centralized political authority, but rather a number of autonomous village communities. Spiritual leaders, known as leopard skin chiefs, are employed in the mediation of disputes. E. E. Evans-PritchardEvans-Pritchard, Edward Evan,
1902–73, English social anthropologist. He made several expeditions to Africa. His major contributions lie in the fields of social anthropology and comparative religion.
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's ethnography (1940) is the standard work on the Nuer.

Nuer

 

(self-designation, Tog Naat), a people living in the region of the lower course of the Sobat River and to the southwest of the river, in the southern part of Sudan, and also in the border regions of Ethiopia. Population, about 700,000 (1970, estimate). The Nuer language is Nilotic. Feudal-patriarchal relations and tribal-clan religious cults have survived among the Nuer. The basic social unit is the large patriarchal family. The Nuer engage in distant-pasture livestock raising (cattle) and hoe farming (millet, corn, garden crops, and tobacco); a small number of Nuer work in enterprises of the lumber industry and on state plantations.


Nuer

 

the language of the Nuer. It is spoken in southern Sudan and extreme western Ethiopia, where it is called Abbigar. Nuer is spoken by about 700,000 persons (1970, estimate). Nuer belongs to the Nilotic language group. There are two dialect groups, Nuer proper and Atwot. Phonetic features include pharyngealized vowels and a system of three tones.

Nuer is an inflected language. The means of expressing grammatical meanings include internal consonantal, vocalic, and tonal inflection of the stem, prefixation, and to a lesser degree, postfixation. There are two main cases, nominative and genitive. Accusative and locative meanings are sometimes expressed formally. The word order is verb-subject-object, with postpositive attributive. Possession is expressed by combination of the construct form of the possessed with the genitive of the possessor. Nuer is a written language and is used to a limited extent as a language of the school and administration.

REFERENCES

Crazzolara, J. P. Outlines of a Nuer Grammar. Vienna, 1933.
Kiggen, J. Nuer-English Dictionary. Mill Hill, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
July 22, 2016 (JUBA) - South Sudan president, Salva Kiir, has held consultative meeting with ethnic Nuer leaders in the country's capital, Juba, raising political fears he could replace his main political rival and deputy in unity government and the leader of armed opposition, Riek Machar, after issuing ultimatum to establish contact with him within 48 hours.
In earnest, the Greater Dok Community chose to response to Buay's article titled, Riek Machar's discrimination of the Nuer." Gordon Buay's ambassadorial title and the fact that he is stationed at the South Sudan's Washington D.
April 21, 2017(BOR) - A four year old child, suspected to be a Lou Nuer, was rescued by Dinka Bor youth patrolling Gadiang area.
The report has accused President Salva Kiir's government of targeting members of the ethnic Nuer from which Kiir's former deputy, Riek Machar, hails.
June 22, 2016 (JUBA) -- The office of South Sudan's First Vice President, Riek Machar, has dismissed as "untrue" an allegation by a senior diplomat allied to President Salva Kiir, that Machar has only appointed officials from his "Dok Nuer" clan to positions in his new office, leaving out others.
No one seems willing to stop the genocide and the ethnic cleansing against innocent Nuer people.
September 13, 2016 (ADDIS ABABA) -- South Sudan Nuer community in Ethiopia on Tuesday condemned statements by first vice president, Taban Deng Gai, that his recent visit to Ethiopia was welcomed by Nuers and SPLM-IO officials in Addis Ababa.
May 30, 2016 (BENTIU) -- At least 5,320 Bul Nuer currently living at the United Nations Protection of Civilian (PoC) site at Jebel-Kujur, a suburb of the South Sudan capital, have urged the country's leaders to speed up the ongoing peace implementation process.
Nuer dancers from Unity state during Sunday's declarion of cultural activities in Bentiu Independent Stadium 10 November 2013 (ST)
May 2, 2016 (JUBA) -- Only one official from the Nuer ethnic group, the second largest single community in South Sudan after the Dinka has been appointed to the new cabinet by President Salva Kiir's faction.
The Sudan National Security & Intelligence Services, NISS is harassing Nuer who are supporting H.E.
Riyadh, Ramadan 09, 1439, May 25, 2018, SPA -- HE Khalid Al-Falih, Saudi Arabia's Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources, called Administrator of the National Energy Administration of China, HE Nuer Bekri, to discuss continued joint cooperation between the two countries in the energy sphere, and to review the present situation in the global oil market.