Nukus


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Nukus

(no͞oko͞os`), city (1989 pop. 170,362), capital of Karakalpakstan Republic, W Uzbekistan, in the Khwarazm oasis and on the Amu Darya River. It has alfalfa and food-processing and other light industries, as well as a notable modern art museum.

Nukus

 

a city; capital of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR. Located on the right bank of the Amu Darya River (at the beginning of its delta), 38 km from the Khodzheili railroad station (on the left bank of the river); the Takhiatash-Nukus line was under construction as of 1974. Highway junction. Population, 88,000 (1974; 10,000 in 1939 and 39,000 in 1959).

Nukus took shape as a city in 1932 on the site of the aul (village) of Nukus, which grew up in the 1860’s. It has been the capital of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR since 1939. The city’s enterprises account for more than 15 percent of the gross industrial output of Kara-Kalpakia. Of greatest importance are metal-working (plants for the repair of farm machinery and motor vehicles), production of building materials (combines for large-panel housing construction and production of building materials, and also a brickyard and a granite and marbleplant), the food-processing industry (meat and dairy, flour-milling, wine and spirits), and light industry. There is also a furniture factory.

Nukus was built according to a 1936 general plan (architects S. O. Ovsiannikov and others). A new general plan was adopted in 1965 (architect A. M. Irkabaev, engineer T. Z. Ziiaev). Nukus has a grid layout of streets on which residential (mainly low-rise) and public buildings have been built. Among the public buildings are those of the Council of Ministers of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR (1930’s) and the Kara-Kalpak Oblast Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan (1970, architect E. K. Vidiakin, engineer E. F. Lenneshmidt). There are monuments to V. I. Lenin (bronze and granite, 1958; sculptor E. V. Vuchetich) and to soldiers who gave their lives in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 (concrete and stone, 1967; architect K. M. Molutov).

The Kara-Kalpak Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR, a pedagogical institute, and 11 secondary specialized educational institutions are in Nukus. The city also has a museum of history and local lore, the Art Museum of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR, and the K. S. Stanislavsky Musical Drama Theater, as well as a philharmonic society.

REFERENCES

Goroda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1965.
Akhmedov, E. A., and E. N. Fatakhov. Novye goroda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1972.

Nukus

a city in Uzbekistan, capital of the Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Republic, on the Amu Darya River. Pop.: 325 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Savitsky Museum in Nukus, Uzbekistan Image Credit: Supplied
A presentation of affordable apartment buildings under construction on Abdambetov Street, Nukus city project was held.
In April 2001, as part of ongoing drought impact surveillance, MSF completed a dietary assessment in the city of Nukus among 101 households living near the central market.
The Head of the state proposed to start this work from Karakalpakstan, the city of Nukus. Participants of the meeting warmly supported the proposal.
The two equipment sets will be used in the cardiology department of the Children's Hospital in Nukus. One of the equipment is electrocardiograph.
The President noted that Nukus International Airport has an important place in the economic development of Karakalpakstan, expansion of business cooperation, and increase in tourist flow.
On July 11, a new passenger terminal with a capacity of 400 passengers per hour was put into operation at the Nukus international airport.
A contest among cooks took place in Karakalpakstan's Nukus, newspaper Pravda Vostoka said on August 29.
On November 15, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev departed for Nukus. This has been reported by the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
According to the information, flights to Urgench airport were transferred to the international airports of Nukus and Bukhara.
The Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan held a campaign titled "We are children of Independent country" in Nukus dedicated to the 23rd anniversary of the Uzbekistan's independence.
A new passenger terminal with a capacity of 400 passengers per hour has been put into operation at the international Nukus airport of Uzbekistan, Podrobno.uz reported.