Nukus


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Nukus

(no͞oko͞os`), city (1989 pop. 170,362), capital of Karakalpakstan Republic, W Uzbekistan, in the Khwarazm oasis and on the Amu Darya River. It has alfalfa and food-processing and other light industries, as well as a notable modern art museum.

Nukus

 

a city; capital of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR. Located on the right bank of the Amu Darya River (at the beginning of its delta), 38 km from the Khodzheili railroad station (on the left bank of the river); the Takhiatash-Nukus line was under construction as of 1974. Highway junction. Population, 88,000 (1974; 10,000 in 1939 and 39,000 in 1959).

Nukus took shape as a city in 1932 on the site of the aul (village) of Nukus, which grew up in the 1860’s. It has been the capital of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR since 1939. The city’s enterprises account for more than 15 percent of the gross industrial output of Kara-Kalpakia. Of greatest importance are metal-working (plants for the repair of farm machinery and motor vehicles), production of building materials (combines for large-panel housing construction and production of building materials, and also a brickyard and a granite and marbleplant), the food-processing industry (meat and dairy, flour-milling, wine and spirits), and light industry. There is also a furniture factory.

Nukus was built according to a 1936 general plan (architects S. O. Ovsiannikov and others). A new general plan was adopted in 1965 (architect A. M. Irkabaev, engineer T. Z. Ziiaev). Nukus has a grid layout of streets on which residential (mainly low-rise) and public buildings have been built. Among the public buildings are those of the Council of Ministers of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR (1930’s) and the Kara-Kalpak Oblast Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan (1970, architect E. K. Vidiakin, engineer E. F. Lenneshmidt). There are monuments to V. I. Lenin (bronze and granite, 1958; sculptor E. V. Vuchetich) and to soldiers who gave their lives in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 (concrete and stone, 1967; architect K. M. Molutov).

The Kara-Kalpak Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR, a pedagogical institute, and 11 secondary specialized educational institutions are in Nukus. The city also has a museum of history and local lore, the Art Museum of the Kara-Kalpak ASSR, and the K. S. Stanislavsky Musical Drama Theater, as well as a philharmonic society.

REFERENCES

Goroda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1965.
Akhmedov, E. A., and E. N. Fatakhov. Novye goroda Uzbekistana. Tashkent, 1972.

Nukus

a city in Uzbekistan, capital of the Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Republic, on the Amu Darya River. Pop.: 325 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In April 2001, as part of ongoing drought impact surveillance, MSF completed a dietary assessment in the city of Nukus among 101 households living near the central market.
The food consumption data derived from the Nukus survey are combined with this study's laboratory analysis results and assumptions regarding typical body weight and food fat content derived from standard food tables for Uzbekistan (Pokrovskiy 1977) to calculate estimates of average monthly intake of several tested chemicals.
Also, monthly food consumption data used in the estimation were collected only in Nukus and may not fully represent average food intake for the entire Karakalpak population.
The two equipment sets will be used in the cardiology department of the Children's Hospital in Nukus.
Nukus is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan affected by the environmental disaster of the Aral Sea drying up.
A contest among cooks took place in Karakalpakstan's Nukus, newspaper Pravda Vostoka said on August 29.
The competition was attended by 18 chefs from Nukus and districts of Karakalpakstan.
The Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan held a campaign titled "We are children of Independent country" in Nukus dedicated to the 23rd anniversary of the Uzbekistan's independence.
Representatives of the party, Komolot Youth Movement, Uzbeknavo, Nukus Culture and Sports Department and others participated in the event.
Residents of Ellikkala, Beruni and Nukus districts were the first to receive the facilities.
EcoWeek 2014 also includes youth conference on Human, Society and Environment; a workshop on eco-education in Namangan region; media tours to GM Powertrain Uzbekistan, NEOSUNLIGT, Jizzakh region farms, implementing energy saving technologies; scientific conferences in Tashkent, Nukus and Karshi; youth environmental activities; contests, etc.
A number of educational activities will be hosted in Nukus with the aim of helping women gain expertise in business.