To observe whether the January effect strongly or weakly exists, we do a comparison of the p-values for the null hypothesis
with the p-values of the reverse null hypothesis
Similarly, the Johansen-Fisher panel co-integration test results indicate the presence of co-integration between the nine variables, where the null hypothesis
of no co-integration (r = 0) can be firmly rejected at the 1% significance level.
Additionally, see Table 1, using the.001 cut-off for the p-value produces 977 erroneous rejections of the null hypothesis
The larger the [delta], the easier to reject the null hypothesis
Results showed that while all the fit statistics are more or less independent of test length in the null hypothesis
condition, three of them--RMSD, SRMSD, and NRMSD--are dependent on sample size.
number one was; "There is no significant difference of emotional intelligence of Education, Psychology, Mass Communication, Economics, International Relations, Management Sciences and Computer Sciences university teachers" Second null hypothesis
was; "There is no significant difference of emotional intelligence of Social Sciences, Management Sciences and Computer Sciences university teachers".
Livezey and Chen (1983) also suggest estimating the frequency distribution for numbers of locally significant tests using Monte Carlo methods (i.e., randomly resampling the available data in a manner consistent with the global null hypothesis
; e.g., Mielke et al.
For evaluating debt-GDP ratio it is assumed that there is no significant difference in the debt as percentage of GDP before and after reforms (null hypothesis
); and in alternative hypothesis there is significant difference between debt as percentage of GDP before and after reforms.
South Africa reported [rho]-values of 0.1426 and 0.10 which are greater than the critical level of 0.05, thus rejecting the null hypothesis
. Table 7 shows the results of the maximum eigenvalue test.
From Table III, we failed to reject the null hypothesis
The power analysis must consider the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis
when the alternative hypothesis is true and the probability of accepting the null hypothesis
when the null is true.