Numa Pompilius


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Numa Pompilius

(no͞o`mə pŏmpĭl`ēəs), legendary king of Rome, successor to Romulus. His consort, the nymph Egeria, was said to have aided him in his rule. The origin of Roman ceremonial law and religious rites was ascribed to him. Among other achievements, he was supposedly responsible for the pontifices, flamens (sacred priests), vestal virgins, worship of Terminus (the god of landmarks), the building of the temple of Janus, and the reorganization of the calendar into days for business and holidays.

Numa Pompilius

 

according to ancient tradition, the second king of ancient Rome (reigned from 715 to 673 or 672 B.C.).

Numa was a Sabine. He is regarded as the founder of various religious cults, as well as the organizer of the priestly colleges and the artisans’ colleges.

REFERENCE

Nemirovskii, A. I. Ideologiia i kul’tura rannego Rima. Voronezh, 1964. [18–433–l]

Numa Pompilius

the legendary second king of Rome (?715--?673 bc), said to have instituted religious rites
References in periodicals archive ?
Bankes's description of the prime picture as the Foundation of Rome prompts an identification of the protagonist as the quasi-divine king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, who succeeded Romulus on his death, and who purportedly established a pre-Augustan Golden Age.
In others, such as the odd couple of Lillian Gish and Paul Cadmus as the nymph Egeria and the Roman king Numa Pompilius, the obscurity of the reference adds to the mystery of the image, leaving the viewer to come up with his own interpretation.
90) This contrast, to take just one example, structures Plutarch's paired lives of the Spartan Lycurgus and the Roman Numa Pompilius, the latter of which, significantly, narrates the same model of the civilizing process that structures the Irish tracts.
Despite the lacunae which render parts of the note very difficult, the fundamental points can be understood: Vergil here is referring to the Regia, the building in the Roman Forum, at the bottom of the Palatine, where Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome lived until he bequeathed it to the Pontifex Maximus.
Those months were invented later by the legendary Numa Pompilius, said to have been the second king of Rome and successor to its founder, Romulus.
In chapters 5 and 6 he considers how works by Herbert of Cherbury, Charles Blount, John Toland, and John Trenchard use history to show the corruptions of religion by priestcraft, and how |Republican' notions of civil religion found, for instance, in the works of James Harrington, Waker Moyle, and Henry Neville sought support for their politick religion' in references to Cicero and Numa Pompilius as well as to Machiavelli.
He wrote that the Roman king Numa Pompilius strove "to inculcate fear of the gods as the most powerful influence that could act upon .
123) In A Treatise Concerning Enthusiasme (1655), Meric Casaubon ranked Descartes's philosophy with the "Mysticall Theology" of Numa Pompilius and Minos, who "to make their law received as oracles, did their best to perswade, that they did not come by them as other men did theirs, but that they were the fruits of Caves and darknesse.
But we know from the writings of other humanists who dealt with this same theme that ancient rulers such as Moses, Aaron, and the Roman king Numa Pompilius often were cited in this context.