Numidia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Numidia: Nubia

Numidia

Numidia (no͞omĭdˈēə), ancient country of NW Africa, very roughly the modern Algeria. It was part of the Carthaginian empire until Masinissa, ruler of E Numidia, allied himself (c.206 B.C.) with Rome in the Punic Wars. After the Roman victory over Carthage led to peace in 201 B.C., Masinissa was awarded rule of all Numidia. This began Numidia's most flourishing period, culturally and politically. Numidia's encroachments on reviving Carthage furnished Rome with a pretext for the Third Punic War (149–146 B.C.). Masinissa's successor was Micipsa (148–118 B.C.), one of whose heirs, Jugurtha, brought on a fatal war with Rome. Later, in the Roman civil war, King Juba I sided with Pompey, and Numidia lost (46 B.C.) all independence with Julius Caesar's victory. Juba II was favored by the Romans as a subject prince, and the region subsequently flourished for several centuries. Numidia was invaded by the Vandals in the 5th cent. A.D. and by the Arabs in the 8th cent. The main urban centers of ancient Numidia were Cirta (now Constantine) and Hippo Regius (now Annaba).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Numidia

 

in antiquity, a region of northern Africa occupying what is now the eastern part of modern Algeria. At the end of the first millennium B.C., the nomadic Numidian Massyli and Masaeslyi tribes made a gradual transition to land cultivation and settled stock raising. This transition was accompanied by the rise of cities, such as Cirta (the main city), Thugga, Theveste, and Sicca Veneria, and the development of the cities into poleis.

Numidia was conquered by Carthage in the third century B.C. The Numidians repeatedly rose up against Carthaginian domination. During the Second Punic War (218–201 B.C.), Masinissa, king of the eastern portion of Numidia, aided the Romans; in return for his aid, the Romans helped him to become ruler of all Numidia in 201 B.C. Under Masinissa (ruled 201–149 B.C.), the Numidian kingdom was greatly strengthened: its size increased, cities grew, and commercial ties were increased with the entire Mediterranean region.

Between 111 and 105 B.C., the Numidian king Jugurtha waged a war with Rome. He suffered defeat, was taken prisoner, and was executed. In 46 B.C., Numidia became the Roman province of Africa Nova. It was conquered by the Vandals in 429–30 A.D. and by the Byzantines in 533. The region was seized by the Arabs in the seventh century.

REFERENCES

Lentsman, Ia. A. “Dar Masinissy.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1948, no. 4.
Mashkin, N. A. “Iz istorii afrikanskikh gorodov II—III vv.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1951, no. 2.
Diligenskii, G. G. Severnaia Afrika v IV-V vv. Moscow, 1961.
Gsell. St. Histoire ancienne de l’Afrique du Nord, vols. 1–8. Paris, 1913–28.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Numidia

an ancient country of N Africa, corresponding roughly to present-day Algeria: flourished until its invasion by Vandals in 429; chief towns were Cirta and Hippo Regius
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, there is an epitaph in London to Tullia Numidia by her husband noting her as "a most devoted woman".
Ja o partido dos optimates teria interesse em manter o status quo na Berberia, seja em razao do poder dos reis indigenas de arregimentar tropas; seja por interesses economicos--o comercio dos cereais nas maos dos negotiatores na Numidia e o comercio de produtos de luxo na Mauritania (Fentress 1982: 330).
These represented all of the Church of Carthage, i.e., Proconsularia, and of Numidia and Byzacena.
Teresa Carroll, from nextstep West Midlands, said: "This is a new partnership with Numidia and it is working really well.
Among those exhibiting on the day were the event sponsors Barclays, West Midlands Police, Barnardo's, Numidia Education and Training, Hereward Centre, Pitman Training, Fusion Contact Centre, Coventry City Council, National Express, ASC Connections, Working Links, Coventry University Business School, Connexions, Henley College, the Army and Warwickshire College which represents Leamington, Rugby, Moreton Morrell, Pershore, Henley-in-Arden and the Trident Centre - which are their six centres of excellence.
Archaeological research on major sites, such as Salona, and on scores of village sites in Numidia between the wars, has revealed much about the cult of martyrs in the early Church.
La rencontre s'est tenue en presence du wali d'Oran, Mouloud Cherifi qui a remis, a cette occasion, un document officiel affectant un nouveau siege a l'association locale "Numidia" connue pour son investissement dans la valorisation de la richesse et de la diversite du patrimoine culturel algerien.Une jeune eleve, laureate locale de la premiere edition du concours "Aqlam Biladi" (Plumes de mon pays), initie par le ministere de l'Education nationale, a ete recompensee a cette occasion.
Other stands included Numidia Education and Training, Fusion Contact Centre, Working Links, Coventry University Business School, Connexions, Henley College and Warwickshire College - which represents Leamington, Rugby, Moreton Morrell, Pershore, Henley-in-Arden and the Trident Centre - their six centres of excellence.