Nur Jahan

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Nur Jahan,

1577–1645, empress (1611–27) of MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 India. Born Mehrunnisa in Kandahar (now in Afghanistan), she was the daughter of Persian nobility and had been widowed before she became the favorite wife of Mughal emperor JahangirJahangir
or Jehangir
, 1569–1627, Mughal emperor of India (1605–27), son of Akbar. He continued his father's policy of expansion. The Rajput principality of Mewar (Udaipur) capitulated in 1614.
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. A skilled politician and military strategist, she exerted influence in Mughal diplomacy and trade as well as in women's affairs. She issued royal decrees and had coinage struck in her name, actions that were unprecedented for the time. She also oversaw a flourishing of the arts and the melding of Persian and Indian styles in architecture and garden design. After Jahangir's death (1627) she was confined to her home and gardens in Lahore by Jahangir's son Shah JahanShah Jahan
or Shah Jehan
, 1592–1666, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58), son and successor of Jahangir. His full name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din Muhammad. He rebelled against his father in 1622 but was pardoned and succeeded to the throne in 1628.
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See E. B. Findly, Nur Jahan (1993); R. Lai, Empress (2018).