Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.




(no͞or`hächē), 1559–1626, Manchu national founder. He consolidated the ManchuManchu
, people who lived in Manchuria for many centuries and who ruled China from 1644 until 1912. These people, related to the Tungus, were descended from the Jurchen, a tribe known in Asia since the 7th cent. They were first called Manchu in the early 17th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
 tribes under his control and founded the administration that later ruled China as the Ch'ingCh'ing
or Manchu
, the last of the Imperial dynasties of China. Background

The Ch'ing dynasty was established by the Manchus, who invaded China and captured Beijing in 1644, and lasted until 1911.
..... Click the link for more information.
 dynasty (1644–1912). His greatest achievement was the creation of the banner systembanner system,
Manchu conscription system. Companies of Manchu warriors were grouped (1601) into brigades, each with a distinctive banner. The banner system integrated former tribal units into a bureaucratic war machine that enabled the Manchus to conquer and rule China as the
..... Click the link for more information.
 of military organization that welded the Manchu nation and its early Mongol and Chinese adherents into an efficient war machine. In 1618 he attacked the MingMing
, dynasty of China that ruled from 1368 to 1644. The first Ming emperor, Chu Yüan-chang (ruled 1368–98), a former Buddhist monk, joined a rebellion in progress, gained control of it, overthrew the Mongol Yüan dynasty, and unified all of China proper.
..... Click the link for more information.
 forces and took part of Liaodong. Further victories followed, and in 1625 he moved the Manchu capital to Shenyang (Mukden). During this later period, Nurhaci developed a civil administration with the help of captured Chinese officials.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Nurhaci comandaba a los lideres manchues en las negociaciones anuales con los chinos, en ceremonias en las que se rendian tributos (los caballos y demas productos mencionados) a cambio de "premios", especialmente plata y seda, proporcionados por la casa imperial.
Mao's tangbao from the ninth month of 1626 reports that knowing Nurhaci has a wound in his back, Mao sends his troops to frequently harass Nurhaci's camp.
1622) and another interpreter selected from the Ming forces had been sent to Hetu Ala to spy, and also to persuade friendly Jurchen, who had previously lived under Choson jurisdiction but were now under the rule of Nurhaci, to secretly assist the Ming-Choson allied army from inside the enemy camp.
The common spelling Nurhaci is based on Chinese sources.
18 There was a major border conflict with the Manchus, whose leader Nurhaci began a series of campaigns against the Ming during the last years of the sixteenth century and in 1616 established a new dynasty, the Later Jin, and proclaimed himself emperor.
Manchu is a term designating the peoples led by the brilliant organizer and strategist Nurhaci.
1599), the Manchu officials Nurhaci commissioned to adapt the Mongolian script to Manchu, both knew Mongolian, and Erdeni also knew Chinese.