Nut Crops

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nut Crops

 

tree species that yield fruits known by the economic designation of “nuts.” The fruits have a dry, woody shell, which encloses an edible and nourishing kernel. Nut crops include species of the following families: Juglandaceae (English walnut and pecan), Betulaceae (filbert and European hazel), Rosaceae (almond), Pinaceae (Siberian stone pine), and Anacar-diaceae (pistachio). The kernels are rich in fats (42.8–77 percent) and proteins (up to 22 percent). The European chestnut and water chestnut have little fat but a great deal of carbohydrate (more than 50 percent). The caloric value of nuts is higher than that of bread, fish, or meat and almost equals that of butter. Almost all nut crops grow wild on large areas. They are cultivated in the USSR in several regions, including the Caucasus and Middle Asia. They occupy only 4 percent of the area planted with orchard trees.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The nut crop was also very heavy, and the wild plums were larger and sweeter than usual.
The 2018/19 marketing year has already begun for most fruit and tree nut crops. Production levels for several of these crops are forecast to be nearly steady to moderately up from last year's levels.
Heavy nut crops on younger nut trees often need to be propped, too.
Biological products company Marrone Bio Innovations (NasdaqGM:MBII) (MBI) reported on Monday the launch of Venerate XC bioinsecticide in California for use use on a wide variety of fruit, vegetable, vine and nut crops in conventional integrated pest management (IPM) and organic systems.
Examples of work NGWI has actively promoted and supported with public interfaces include: VitisGen, new detection, research and extension tools for managing wood-canker diseases of fruit and nut crops, and sustainable vineyard water management.
In recognition of these differences, we analyze respondents who reported growing vegetable and melon crops separately from those who reported growing fruit and nut crops (including strawberries).
-- The soaring value of California's nut crops is attracting a new breed of thieves who have been making off with the pricey commodities by the truckload, recalling images of cattle rustlers of bygone days.
Almond (Prunus dulcis) that belongs to the family Rosaceae is one of the important nut crops of temperate region of India, mainly grown in Kashmir valley.
In the early 1960s, they made the decision to plant walnut and prune orchards as a means of financially supporting the community and since then the monks have been harvesting their fruit and nut crops every year.
"It's considered a weed in Asia, and I think it has the potential to become problematic in fruit and nut crops," Bryson says.
Winter chill, a vital climatic trigger for many tree crops, is likely to decrease by more than 50% during this century as global climate warms, making California no longer suitable for growing many fruit and nut crops, maintain researchers from the University of California, Davis.