Gnutella

(redirected from Nutella)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Gnutella

A popular peer-to-peer file sharing network on the Internet. Gnutella lets users share files from user machine to user machine without the use of a central directory, which was the original Napster architecture. Numerous client programs, such as LimeWire, Morpheus, BearShare and Mutella, have been developed that incorporate the Gnutella file sharing protocol. For more information, visit www.gnutella.com.

Developed by Nullsoft/AOL
Nullsoft, makers of the popular Winamp software media player, was acquired by AOL in 1999. In 2000, the Nullsoft division released the Gnutella software on the Internet, but AOL quickly pulled the plug the next day. However, licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL), Gnutella spread rapidly in that short time, and Gnutella clients emerged soon after. The Gnutella name is a combination of GNU from the license and the chocolate-hazelnut spread Nutella.

How Files Are Shared
Each client in a Gnutella network is also a server, and the term "servent" is the combination of server and client. When starting for the first time, each Gnutella servent requires the IP address of at least one other servent, which it can obtain from a default list of UDP host caches (UHCs) or GWebcaches. UHCs crawl the Internet looking for Gnutella hosts (servents), and GWebcache servers are updated by the Gnutella hosts themselves.

Once a servent contacts another servent, that servent tries to contact the nodes it is aware of, and the request gets forwarded throughout the Gnutella network until the request times out. High-speed, non-firewalled servents can become "ultrapeers," which can connect to 32 other ultrapeers and 30 regular servents. The ultrapeers maintain key words of the files in the servents and forward them only requests for files they are likely to have. See peer-to-peer network.
References in periodicals archive ?
Knowing that a Nutella addict has been convinced by my nut-spread is top for me
ed While conjuring up his most popular creation - a Twisted Nutella made with Nutella, salty prezels and topped with chopped hazelnuts - the 51-year-old explained how business has boomed since he opened last October.
Once certified as a record-breaker, the baguette was cut and smeared with Nutella to share with the hundreds of Expo goers who celebrated the record.
They show photos of bearded fighters playing with kittens and eating Nutella hazelnut spread on crackers or spooned right outta the jar.
Chocolate spreads are growing due to an increasing number of private label brands competing alongside the likes of Nutella.
According to CNN anchorwoman Carol Costello, the jihadists have secret weapons: Nutella chocolate spread, kittens, and emoji computer ideograms.
A judge in Valenciennes, northern France, took a tough stance against a couple who tried to call their child Nutella in September 2014, after a "shocked" registrar reported their choice to the local prosecutor.
Paris: A French court has blocked parents from naming their baby girl nutella after the hazelnut spread that is a staple in Gallic households, arguing it would make her the target of mockery.
A recently-born baby named Nutella was renamed by a court in the French city of Valenciennes after a judge ruled that the parents' decision to the name the child after a food was against the child's interest, according to a new report in the newspaper La Voix Du Nord.
Nutella is warm, friendly, affectionate and likes to be noticed, although he can be a little wary around strangers.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Italy's Ferrero, the maker of Nutella chocolate spread, said on Wednesday it has bought Turkish company Oltan, one of the world's leaders in the production and marketing of hazelnuts.