Gnutella

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Gnutella

A popular peer-to-peer file sharing network on the Internet. Gnutella lets users share files from user machine to user machine without the use of a central directory, which was the original Napster architecture. Numerous client programs, such as LimeWire, Morpheus, BearShare and Mutella, have been developed that incorporate the Gnutella file sharing protocol. For more information, visit www.gnutella.com.

Developed by Nullsoft/AOL
Nullsoft, makers of the popular Winamp software media player, was acquired by AOL in 1999. In 2000, the Nullsoft division released the Gnutella software on the Internet, but AOL quickly pulled the plug the next day. However, licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL), Gnutella spread rapidly in that short time, and Gnutella clients emerged soon after. The Gnutella name is a combination of GNU from the license and the chocolate-hazelnut spread Nutella.

How Files Are Shared
Each client in a Gnutella network is also a server, and the term "servent" is the combination of server and client. When starting for the first time, each Gnutella servent requires the IP address of at least one other servent, which it can obtain from a default list of UDP host caches (UHCs) or GWebcaches. UHCs crawl the Internet looking for Gnutella hosts (servents), and GWebcache servers are updated by the Gnutella hosts themselves.

Once a servent contacts another servent, that servent tries to contact the nodes it is aware of, and the request gets forwarded throughout the Gnutella network until the request times out. High-speed, non-firewalled servents can become "ultrapeers," which can connect to 32 other ultrapeers and 30 regular servents. The ultrapeers maintain key words of the files in the servents and forward them only requests for files they are likely to have. See peer-to-peer network.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once certified as a record-breaker, the baguette was cut and smeared with Nutella to share with the hundreds of Expo goers who celebrated the record.
4-6 tbsps Nutella spread 50g dried banana chips (you can use sliced fresh banana if you wish) You will need a greased, lined heartshaped tin, 23cm at its widest part.
Fans Have a Chance to Become Chief Nutella Ambassador and Help the Famed Hazelnut Spread Celebrate World Nutella Day
For sweet lovers, the range includes Cono Nutella, Cono Fererro, Cono Chocoberry and Cono Tiramisu.
THERE are some mysteries of motherhood I'll never get to the bottom of: Why I buy new socks every three weeks yet can never find a matching pair in my children's drawers; why the habitually angelic behaviour described in school reports bears little resemblance to some of their exploits at home; why, given the choice, they'd make Nutella the central ingredient of every meal.
They show photos of bearded fighters playing with kittens and eating Nutella hazelnut spread on crackers or spooned right outta the jar.
Other tempting treats on the Rumi dessert menu include a Ferrero Rocher and Nutella waffle and peanut butter stack - peanut butter crunch with milk chocolate and caramel, layered on a brownie and served with peanuts and whipped cream.
AJUDGE in France has banned a couple from naming their baby Nutella after the chocolate-hazelnut spread.
A judge in Valenciennes, northern France, took a tough stance against a couple who tried to call their child Nutella in September 2014, after a "shocked" registrar reported their choice to the local prosecutor.