The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae
(Acari: Ixodida) of the world: a list of valid species names.
Ticks are hematophagous acarines mainly distributed in two major families, Ixodidae (hard tick) and Argasidae (soft tick) (BLACK & PIESMAN, 1994), while only one tick species is present in the Nuttalliellidae
family (GUGLIELMONE et al., 2010).
Tick paralysis (TP) is only transmitted by blood-feeding gravid adult female ticks by an incompletely characterized neurotoxin produced by the tick's salivary glands.11 Ticks are classified into three families: (1) the Ixodidae, or hard ticks; (2) the Argasidae, or soft ticks; and (3) the Nuttalliellidae
, a much lesser known family, with characteristics of both hard and soft ticks.
A third family, the Nuttalliellidae
, is represented by a single species that is confined to southern Africa.
Within this phylum, three families of ticks are currently recognized in the world: 1) Ixodidae (hard ticks), 2) Argasidae (soft ticks), and 3) Nuttalliellidae
(a small, curious, little-known group with some characteristics of both hard and soft ticks).
Dunya genelinde bulunan kene tur sayisi ve turlerine gore dagilimi Ortalama Familya Genus tur sayisi Ixodidae Ixodes 245 Amblyomma 131 Bothriocroton * 5 Haemaphysalis * 164 Hyalomma * 24 Nosomma 1 Anomalohimalaya 3 Cosmiomma 1 Dermacentor * 34 Margaropus 3 Rhipicentor 2 Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) * 5 Rhipicephalus 74 Nuttalliellidae
Nuttalliella 1 Argasidae Argas * 58 Carios 88 Ornithodoros * 35 Otobius 3 Laelaptidae Gammaridacarus 1 Toplam 878 * Ulkemizde gorulen kene turleri Tablo 3.
Ticks have been categorized in three well-defined families: Argasidae (soft ticks), Ixodidae (hard ticks), and Nuttalliellidae
. There are about 200 species in the first family and about 650 in the second.
Tick biology--There are three families of ticks recognized in the world today: (1) Ixodidae (hard ticks), (2) Argasidae (soft ticks), and (3) Nuttalliellidae
, a small, curious, little-known group with some characteristics of both hard and soft ticks (Varma, 1993).