Nutting, Mary Adelaide

Nutting, Mary Adelaide

(1858–1948) nurse educator; born in Waterloo, Quebec, Canada. She left her impoverished family in 1889 to enter nursing school at Johns Hopkins (Baltimore), becoming head nurse in 1891, and superintendent of nurses training (1894–1907). There she commenced what would be her life's work—advancing the professional education of nurses. Moving on to the Columbia University Teachers College, she established the department of hospital economics (1907) and the department of nursing and health, which she chaired (1910–25), making it a leader in the education of nurses. She helped establish the American Journal of Nursing (1900) and coauthored History of Nursing (4 vols. 1907–12). Her basic writings are collected in A Sound Economic Basis for Schools of Nursing (1926). She was also active in the woman suffrage movement.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.