Abu Nuwas

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Abu Nuwas

(ä`bo͞o no͞owäs`), c.750–c.810, Arab poet, b. Ahvaz, Persia. He spent most of his life in Baghdad. High in favor with the caliphs Harun ar-Rashid and Amin, he lived a courtier's life; his exquisite lyric poetry celebrated wine and the extravagance of this life.

Abu Nuwas

 

(al-Hasan ibn-Hani al-Hakami). Born between 747 and 762 in Ahwaz; died between 813 and 815 in Baghdad. Poet. His father was Arab and his mother Iranian. He spent most of his life in Baghdad.

Abu Nuwas was imprisoned by Caliph Al-Amin for violating Muslim law. His poetry broke sharply with the themes and conventional practices of pre-Islamic bedouin poetry, which he systematically ridiculed. He was one of the first poets to infuse fresh vigor into poetic conventions by introducing and systematically developing new themes and subjects, such as urban life, wine (which was prohibited by Islamic law), and hunting. He found a source of inspiration in the cultural tradition of Iran. In his poetry one encounters the names of Iranian historical and legendary heroes and descriptions of the rites and traditions of Zoroastrianism. Abu Nuwas’ work suggests that he belonged to the Shuubids, a cultural and political movement that advocated liberation of the Iranian people from caliphate rule.

WORKS

Divan. Beirut, 1962.
Der Dīvān des Abū Nuwas, part 1. Edited by E. Wagner. Wiesbaden, 1958.

REFERENCES

Fil’shtinskii, I. M. Arabskaia klassicheskaia literatura. Moscow, 1965.
Abbas Makhmud al-Aqqad. Abu Nuwas al-Hasan ibn-Hani. Cairo, 1952.
Wagner, E. Abū-Nuwas. Wiesbaden, 1965.

M. I. ZAND

References in periodicals archive ?
Burd and Abu Nuwas, are in fact most insightful and discerning in their understanding of their traditions.
Showing passion to poetry, Abu Nuwas kept attending poetry lectures, and reciting numerous classic poems until he became capable of composing poetry.
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The doublet occurs now in another poem by Abu Nuwas, now in a poem by another poet.
The irreverent court poet of the legendary Caliph Harun al-Rashid, Abu Nuwas, not only penned odes to wine, but also wrote erotic gay verse that would make a modern imam blush".
The notion of a strongly shared Iraqi identity is threadbare: The days are long gone when Shiites, Sunnis, Kurds and Christians all ate masgouf fish and sipped araq on Baghdad's Abu Nuwas street.
The Wine Song in Classical Arabic Poetry: Abu Nuwas and The Literary Tradition.
Hordes of young people, males and females, were spending the evening alongside us in the masquf fish restaurants along the famous riverside of Abu Nuwas Street, The ordinary daily life of the people does not appear unduly affected by the occasional distant explosions.
En cela, elle n'offre aucune ressemblance avec les recits des grandes quetes spirituelles d'un Abu Nuwas, un Ghazali, un Pascal, ou un Peguy.
Essential to a thorough coverage, highlighted pages summarize noteworthy points, including the odes of Abu Nuwas of Baghdad, the polemics of Egyptian scholar Taha Husayn, churches built by Turkish architect Sinan, and a review of The Thousand and One Night, which includes a drawing of All Baba's gang.