Nyenchen Tanglha

(redirected from Nyainqentanglha)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nyenchen Tanglha

 

a mountain range in China, in the eastern part of the Trans-Himalayas. Bounded by the Tibetan Highlands on the south, the Nyenchen Tanglha separates the basin of the Tsangpo (Brahmaputra) River in the south from the basins of the Nag Chu (Salween) River and Lake Nam Tso in the north. It is about 600 km long and is composed of Paleozoic and Mesozoic sandstones, shales, and limestones; Cretaceous volcanic rocks; and young granites. The range forms an almost uninterrupted chain of snow-covered mountains with a relatively even crest. The maximum elevation is 7,088 m, and passes lie above 5,000 m. The slopes are rocky and covered with talus. High-mountain steppes and semideserts are well developed on the lower southern slopes, and cold-desert landscapes prevail on the northern slopes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Miocene tectonic evolution from dextral-slip thrusting to extension in the Nyainqentanglha region of the Tibetan Plateau.
The region of Chang Tang (29[degrees]55'-36[degrees]30' N, 83[degrees]55'-91[degrees]05' E) is enclosed by the Kunlun, Nyainqentanglha, Tanggula, and Hoh Xil Mountains in the northwestern of Tibet, China.
The setting sun shines brightly on one of the highest peaks of this region, Mt Nyainqentanglha, while the rest of the scene fades into darkness and within the hour, right next to the peak, we see the new moon which welcomes us into the Abode of the Gods.
Three sites (about 20 m x 20 m for each) were fenced in an alpine meadow on a south-facing slope on the Nyainqentanglha Mountains along an elevation gradient (i.e., 4313 m, 4513 m, and 4693 m) in July 2008.
In this study, we examined (1) the characteristic of vegetation distribution with regard to elevation and (2) vegetation coverage difference in different elevation zones in the context of climate change in the Western Nyainqentanglha Range (WNR), central Tibetan Plateau.
The western Nyainqentanglha area is located in the south-eastern centre of the Tibetan Plateau and extends in a NE-SW direction (Figure 1).
Scene selected was based on several criteria: (1) coverage centered on the Nyainqentanglha area, (2) scenes with cloud less than 5%, and (3) approximate coincidence of image acquisition dates.
Based on the limited data, the aim of this study was to investigate the characteristic of vegetation distribution with regard to elevation and response of long-term vegetation coverage to climate change in the Western Nyainqentanglha Range (WNR), central Tibetan Plateau.
The warming trend in Nyainqentanglha is consistent with the trend of global warming.
The precipitation in the growing season was significantly increased in the western Nyainqentanglha area in the last 2 decades.
Although in the near future the vegetation will increase with the suitable temperature and moist soil on western Nyainqentanglha area, the montane cold vegetation will lose its their suitable habitat with the climate warming in the long run.