Nymphaeum


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Nymphaeum

 

in ancient Greek and Roman architecture, a sanctuary consecrated to the nymphs. Nymphaea were usually built over springs and consisted of an altar and an open reservoir or building (sometimes a grotto) with a fountain or basin. In Roman architecture in the early first century B.C., nymphaea devoid of any cultic significance were popular. Such structures consisted of a niched wall with fountains.


Nymphaeum

 

an ancient Greek city in the Crimea, on the coast of the Kerch’ Strait, near the present-day settlement of Geroevka, 17 km from Kerch’. Founded in the sixth century B.C. on the site of a Scythian settlement, Nymphaeum reached its zenith in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. Its economy was based on agriculture and the export of grain to Greece. Handicrafts, particularly pottery-making, were also well developed. In the first half of the fourth century B.C., Nymphaeum was incorporated into the Bosporan State. In the middle of the third century A.D. it was totally destroyed by the Goths. Excavations, begun in 1939, have unearthed houses with paved courtyards, streets, water cisterns, a winery, and fortifications. Temples of Aphrodite and of the Cabiri, gods of the underworld, have been excavated on the acropolis. In the ruins of a temple of Demeter along the coast archaeologists have found gifts that had been brought to the goddess—terracotta figurines, vessels, and coins.

REFERENCE

Khudiak, M. M. Iz istorii Nimfeia VI-III vv. do n.e. Leningrad, 1962.

nymphaeum

A room decorated with plants, sculpture, and fountains (often decorated with nymphs), and intended for relaxation.
References in periodicals archive ?
nymphaeum in the vicinity of the vallis, a construction which suggests interest in the cult of Egeria, rather than neglect.
Here too, between garden and river, is the nymphaeum.
Five trenches were opened by the team in 2012 in various locations around the theatre and the nearby Roman nymphaeum.
At Villa Lante, this mountain concept is given expression in the rustic nymphaeum at the top of the hill, as the source of the garden's elemental spirit, and it is often repeated in other gardens and urban fountains (the Trevi, most famously).
26) One exception to Palladio's minimalist approach is the Villa Barbaro (1549-58), with a nymphaeum set against the hillside behind the villa and so close to the building that it seems an open-air extension of it.
The nymphaeum was close to the north-eastern city gates and near the theatre's main entrance.
The later history of the Nymphaeum of Punta Epitaffio at Baiae, just West of Naples, is even more deliciously intriguing.
As for the semantic readings of the Nymphaeum, it has consistently been explained in terms of the ideology and imperial legitimation of the Emperor Claudius (10) BCE-AD 54).
Tine dominant flavour of this Nymphaeum is in fact its reversal of Sperlonga's recipe of making art from a natural setting.
In this context, it is no mere interpretative garnish that the Nymphaeum was subsequently used as a place of burial.
69) Yet the most conspicuous thing about this image and its context is how it further played upon the artifice of the Baiae Nymphaeum.