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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in ancient Greek and Roman architecture, a sanctuary consecrated to the nymphs. Nymphaea were usually built over springs and consisted of an altar and an open reservoir or building (sometimes a grotto) with a fountain or basin. In Roman architecture in the early first century B.C., nymphaea devoid of any cultic significance were popular. Such structures consisted of a niched wall with fountains.



an ancient Greek city in the Crimea, on the coast of the Kerch’ Strait, near the present-day settlement of Geroevka, 17 km from Kerch’. Founded in the sixth century B.C. on the site of a Scythian settlement, Nymphaeum reached its zenith in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. Its economy was based on agriculture and the export of grain to Greece. Handicrafts, particularly pottery-making, were also well developed. In the first half of the fourth century B.C., Nymphaeum was incorporated into the Bosporan State. In the middle of the third century A.D. it was totally destroyed by the Goths. Excavations, begun in 1939, have unearthed houses with paved courtyards, streets, water cisterns, a winery, and fortifications. Temples of Aphrodite and of the Cabiri, gods of the underworld, have been excavated on the acropolis. In the ruins of a temple of Demeter along the coast archaeologists have found gifts that had been brought to the goddess—terracotta figurines, vessels, and coins.


Khudiak, M. M. Iz istorii Nimfeia VI-III vv. do n.e. Leningrad, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A room decorated with plants, sculpture, and fountains (often decorated with nymphs), and intended for relaxation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In that sense, the vallis might be said, like the nymphaeum in the Phaedrus, to be a mouseion.
Camenis, Juvenal is evidently speaking of an Egerian nymphaeum; and indeed there is archeological evidence of a second century A.
Here too, between garden and river, is the nymphaeum. It was probably intended as a simple loggia, but it seems likely that Cardinal Ricci asked Salviati to transform it into this cool and fantastical grotto, complete with air-cooling fountains and basins, mermaids, sea monsters and shells (Fig.
At Villa Lante, this mountain concept is given expression in the rustic nymphaeum at the top of the hill, as the source of the garden's elemental spirit, and it is often repeated in other gardens and urban fountains (the Trevi, most famously).
(26) One exception to Palladio's minimalist approach is the Villa Barbaro (1549-58), with a nymphaeum set against the hillside behind the villa and so close to the building that it seems an open-air extension of it.
Five trenches were opened by the team in 2012 in various locations around the theatre and the nearby Roman nymphaeum.
The nymphaeum was close to the north-eastern city gates and near the theatre's main entrance.
The later history of the Nymphaeum of Punta Epitaffio at Baiae, just West of Naples, is even more deliciously intriguing.
As for the semantic readings of the Nymphaeum, it has consistently been explained in terms of the ideology and imperial legitimation of the Emperor Claudius (10) BCE-AD 54).
Tine dominant flavour of this Nymphaeum is in fact its reversal of Sperlonga's recipe of making art from a natural setting.
(59) The Polyphemus group has been assimilated to the actual space of feasting, so that the human and mythological worlds are no longer separated as they were at Sperlonga." (60) Wine (or at least coloured water) literally flowed from the Polyphemus group fountain, and it is this shared Dionysiac drinking aspect that provided a semantic link between the group and the Nymphaeum's other statuary, no less than the drinking viewers themselves.