Nymphalidae


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Related to Nymphalidae: nymphalid butterfly, Heliconiinae

Nymphalidae

[nim′fal·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The four-footed butterflies, a family of lepidopteran insects in the superfamily Papilionoidea; prothoracic legs are atrophied, and the well-developed patagia are heavily sclerotized.

Nymphalidae

 

a family of butterflies with a wingspread ranging from 2.5 to 18 cm. The coloration of the wings, whose margins are often angular or crenated, is bright and variegated; the upper and lower parts of the wings may vary in color. The forelegs are reduced and clawless. The larvae are covered with dendritic spines or cutaneous protuberances. The cocoons often have a metallic sheen and are suspended upside down.

There are approximately 2,000 species of nymphalids, distributed throughout the world. They are particularly numerous and varied in the tropics. The following species are typical of the moderate latitudes of the northern hemisphere: Apatura, Neptis, Nigella, Limenitis, Vanessa, Melitaea, and Argynnis. The USSR has approximately 140 species, including the painted lady (Vanessa cardui), the tortoise shell (Aglais urticae), and the mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa). Nymphalid larvae feed on herbaceous and, less frequently, woody plants. They do not cause serious damage.

References in periodicals archive ?
First host record for Winthemia analis (Macquart) (Diptera: Tachinidae: Exoristinae) in Brazil: Brassolis sophorae laurentii Stichel (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Brassolinae).
Satyrinae de la puna xerofitica, con la descripcion de dos nuevos taxones y tres nuevos registros para Peru (Leidoptera: Nymphalidae).
The forest species found in the two forest fragments analysed (Table 2) can explain the greater abundance and richness of butterflies in the forested areas in comparison to the cultivated grassland area, since the presence of plants provides shelter and food for young and adult Nymphalidae. It is evidenced by the specificity of butterflies with host plants, making them good indicators of the vegetal composition of a given site, since their presence depends on the availability of food resources for caterpillars (Santos et al., 2016).
Morfologia do exoesqueleto de adultos de Memphis moruus sthheno (Pritwittz) (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae, Charaxinae).
(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), for example, have been shown to have narrower, more elongated forewings, for stronger flight, compared to the forewings of non-migratory populations, which were smaller and rounder (Altizer & Davis 2010; Li et al.
Zlatnak, "Three observation of interspecific mating attempts by males of the Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758)) in the wild (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae: Satyrinae, Heliconiinae)," Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo, vol.
Brown Junior e Freitas (1999) citam respectivamente as familias Nymphalidae, Hesperiidae e Lycaenidae, como as mais ricas em especies no Brasil.
Se obtuvo una lista (no se presenta en este trabajo) de 793 especies pertenecientes a cinco de las siete familias que conforman a Papilionoidea (Niukerken et al, 2011) para las SA de la PBGM (348 Nymphalidae, 192 Lycaenidae, 145 Riodinidae, 65 Pieridae, 43 Papilionidae).
Hesperiidae (Skippers), Nymphalidae (Brush-footed or four-footed butterflies).