Nymphalidae


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Related to Nymphalidae: nymphalid butterfly, Heliconiinae

Nymphalidae

[nim′fal·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The four-footed butterflies, a family of lepidopteran insects in the superfamily Papilionoidea; prothoracic legs are atrophied, and the well-developed patagia are heavily sclerotized.

Nymphalidae

 

a family of butterflies with a wingspread ranging from 2.5 to 18 cm. The coloration of the wings, whose margins are often angular or crenated, is bright and variegated; the upper and lower parts of the wings may vary in color. The forelegs are reduced and clawless. The larvae are covered with dendritic spines or cutaneous protuberances. The cocoons often have a metallic sheen and are suspended upside down.

There are approximately 2,000 species of nymphalids, distributed throughout the world. They are particularly numerous and varied in the tropics. The following species are typical of the moderate latitudes of the northern hemisphere: Apatura, Neptis, Nigella, Limenitis, Vanessa, Melitaea, and Argynnis. The USSR has approximately 140 species, including the painted lady (Vanessa cardui), the tortoise shell (Aglais urticae), and the mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa). Nymphalid larvae feed on herbaceous and, less frequently, woody plants. They do not cause serious damage.

References in periodicals archive ?
The most abundant family was Nymphalidae, with 2,864 individuals.
The CCA diagram with the subfamilies of Nymphalidae and the family Hesperiidae as dependent variables also showed that environmental variables (variability of temperature and humidity, along with vegetation density, average tree diam and canopy cover) were significantly related to the structure and composition of butterfly communities (F = 2.
These results support earlier observations that different subfamilies of Nymphalidae have different seasonality patterns (see Checa et al.
Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) parasitizing pupae of Hersperidae and Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) pests of oil palm in the Brazilian Amazonian region.
New species and genera of Nymphalidae, Syntomidae, and Sphingidae in the Joicey Collection.
Acromyrmex Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Actinote anteas Doubleday Pieridae Ascia Psychidae Oiketicus Orthoptera Eumastacidae Homeomastax Thysanoptera Thripidae Thrips palmi Karny Order #Plants (a) Location (b) Collected from (c) Coleoptera 46 L 2,3,4,5,6,7,9 21 R,P 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 7 P 4,5,8 Dermaptera 8 P 2,4,5,7 Diptera 7 L,B 1,2,3,4,7 21 L,B 3,4,5,7 20 L,B 5,9 5 B 1,5,7 11 L,B 1,2,4,7,8 Hemiptera 5 L 3,4,5 6 R,P 3,5 38 L 1,2,4,5,8,9 41 P 1,2,3,4,5,7,8,9 16 L 1,2,5 4 R 3,5 3 L 9 3 P,L 3,5 6 L 2,4,8,9 13 L 4,5,7 1 L 7 13 L 1,7 22 L 2,4,5,7,9 3 L 5 Hymenoptera 1 B 5 8 L 1,5,8,9 Lepidoptera 1 L 7 1 L 8 11 L 1,5,7,8,9 Orthoptera 1 L 4 Thysanoptera 1 L 4,8 (a) Total number of plants infested (based on a minimum of 5 plants per farm).
Leaves Lepidoptera NI * NI--leaf miner Leaves Arctiidae NI Leaves Ctenuchiidae NI Leaves Nymphalidae Eunica bechina Leaves Talbot Oecophoridae NI Leaves Sesiidae Carmenta sp.