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c.1583–1663, queen of the MbunduMbundu
, black African ethnic group, W Angola. The Mbundu speak Bantu languages and number about 6 million. By the late 15th cent. they had formed the Ndongo kingdom, ruled by the ngola (from which the Portuguese derived the name Angola). Beginning in the early 16th cent.
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 people in what is now Angola. In 1622, she represented her brother, King Mbande of Ndongo, in talks with the Portuguese, who had established a fort at Luanda and were encroaching on Mbundu land in their quest to control the Atlantic slave trade. She converted to Christianity, possibly to seal the treaty that resulted, and adopted the name Dona Ana de Souza. The treaty was not honored, however, and during the subsequent conflict Nzinga succeeded (1624) Mbande after his death. Although she lost control of Ndongo (1626–29), she took power by 1631 in neighboring Matamba, which became her base in her long war with the Portuguese, which continued until 1657. Nzinga was skilled politician and diplomat and courageous battlefield leader, sometimes forming alliances with rival states and the Dutch.


See L. Heywood, Njinga of Angola (2017).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Eleanor wrote about Queen Nzinga's role in leading her Angolan people to freedom in her essay "Nzinga, Queen of Ndongo-Matamba." Read her essay at ga.pdf.
Some African rulers, such as Queen Nzinga of the N'gola in the early 17th century, are on record as having tried to evade that devil's choice by going to war against the powerful Europeans who forced the choice on them.
In 2007, we saw Ayodele "Wordslanger" Nzinga direct West Oakland's Lower-Bottom Playaz in her localized and poetic hip-hop adaptation of Macbeth, Mack, A Gangsta's Tale.
These various attempts at promoting the role of Afro-Brazilian historical actors, such as Zumbi de Palmares, Queen Nzinga, and Na Agontime, serve to reconstruct the memory of slavery and help to rewrite Brazilian official history.
Bailey, University of Michigan and NBER; and Nzinga Broussard, Claremont McKenna College, "The Impact of Federal Family Planning Grants Under the War on Poverty"
LLANTWIT MAJOR The African and Caribbean ensemble of dancers, drummers and singers called Nzinga will bring the history, culture and legends of Africa to life through song and dance at St Donats Art Centre.
THIS refers to Nzinga's letter about a runaway housemaid, 'Two sides to maids' stories' (GDN, March 3).
Many recall the on-site arrest and subsequent deportation on an immigration warrant of CKLN programmer Wendy Maxwell, akaQueen Nzinga, in 2005.