Daniel O'Connell

(redirected from O'Connell)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

O'Connell, Daniel,

1775–1847, Irish political leader. He is known as the Liberator. Admitted to the Irish bar in 1798, O'Connell built up a lucrative law practice. Gradually he became involved in the Irish fight for Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
..... Click the link for more information.
; his abilities as a speaker, organizer, and leader soon advanced him to the uncontested command of the movement. In 1823 he founded the Catholic Association, a formidable and powerful agitation society, which despite English restrictive measures became a great national force. The pressure on Parliament was brought to a head by O'Connell's election in 1828 to a seat in the House of Commons (permitted by the repeal of the Test Act), despite his inability as a Catholic to take the oaths required to sit in Parliament. Alarmed, the government was obliged to pass (1829) the Catholic Emancipation Act. In Parliament, O'Connell supported the Whigs and the reform cause. He supported repeal of the parliamentary union of Great Britain and Ireland, forming a new agitation society to replace each one suppressed by the government. O'Connell worked indefatigably for the reform of the existing government of Ireland and for the abolition of compulsory support of the Church of Ireland. In 1841, O'Connell became the first Catholic lord mayor of Dublin since the time of James II. In 1843 he was indicted for creating disaffection; he was declared guilty and imprisoned, but the sentence was overturned (1844) by the House of Lords. Favoring constitutional methods, O'Connell lost support in the 1840s to nationalists who preferred revolutionary means to end the union and to solve the Irish Land QuestionIrish Land Question,
name given in the 19th cent. to the problem of land ownership and agrarian distress in Ireland under British rule. The long-term result of conquest, confiscation, and colonization was the creation of a class of English and Scottish landlords and of an
..... Click the link for more information.
. He also lost followers who resented his Catholic sectarianism. The secession of the Young Ireland group from his Repeal Association signified his declining authority. Ordered to seek a change for his health, he set out for Italy, where he died. O'Connell's eminence as a leader and creator of national feeling and unity greatly affected the history of Ireland.

Bibliography

See M. R. O'Connell, ed., Correspondence of Daniel O'Connell (1973); R. Dunlop, Daniel O'Connell and the Revival of National Life in Ireland (1900); A. D. Macintyre, The Liberator (1965); R. Moley, Daniel O'Connell (1974); biographies by S. O'Faolain (1938) and D. Gwynn (1947).

References in periodicals archive ?
"We are proud to announce Carl O'Connell as our new CEO," said co-founder Dr.
McGinley Orthopedics co-founder, Dr Joseph McGinley, said, 'We are proud to announce Carl O'Connell as our new CEO.
Medical devices company McGinley Orthopedics disclosed on Wednesday the election of Carl O'Connell as its chief operating officer with effect from 4 February 2019.
O'Connell, who was born and raised in Derby and was trained at Nottingham's Central Junior Television Workshop, will be talking about his TV and film career as he reveals more about his rise to fame in an exclusive Q&A.
The street named O'Connell bears a similarity with a street in Dublin, Ireland where Bro Colm hails from.Iten is undisputed capital of Kenyan distance running, a discipline that the country dominates internationally.
His family had no idea where he was -- until a couple of cheques arrived from Santander -- but O'Connell emerged to become a Barcelona legend credited with saving them from bankruptcy during the Spanish Civil War.
Dorkingresident Christian O'Connell will be hanging up his Absolute Radio microphone on Friday (May 18) when he bows out to move to a station in Australia.
BREWSTER -- Customers of Brewster Drug and True Value Hardware found a new look and new name to go along with new ownership and management as Brewster Marketplace owners Sabrina O'Connell and Yvonne and Victor Vargas assumed the day-today operations of the store on Monday, Nov.
Terence O'Connell works in real estate, at CCM Group in Washington, DC (ccmgroupllc.com).
Rowan O'Connell, 23, was hit with a fine by magistrates yesterday over the sick outburst following the death of Mzee, 18.
IRISH patriot Daniel O'Connell was remembered at Glasnevin Cemetery and Museum yesterday.