O'Donnell, Leopoldo

O'Donnell, Leopoldo

(lāōpōl`dō ōthō`nĕl), 1809–67, Spanish general and statesman; member of a branch of the Irish O'Donnells of Tyrconnel. He fought successfully for Isabella IIIsabella II,
1830–1904, queen of Spain (1833–68), daughter of Ferdinand VII and of Maria Christina. Her uncle, Don Carlos, contested her succession under the Salic law, and thus the Carlist Wars began (see Carlists).
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 against the Carlists. When EsparteroEspartero, Baldomero, duque de la Victoria, conde de Luchana
, 1793–1879, Spanish general and statesman. He fought against the French in the Peninsular War (1808–14) and later against the revolutionists in South America.
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 seized (1840) power in Spain, O'Donnell went into exile with Maria ChristinaMaria Christina
, 1806–78, queen of Spain, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies. The fourth wife of Ferdinand VII, she persuaded him to confirm (1833) the original revocation (1789) of the Salic law to allow their daughter Isabella to succeed him.
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. He failed in an attempted coup against Espartero in 1841. After Espartero's fall, O'Donnell was governor of Cuba (1844–48). In 1854 he led a military revolt and, assisted by a popular uprising in Madrid, overthrew the government of Maria Christina. He then served as war minister under Espartero, whom he ousted (1856), and was several times premier (1856, 1858–63, 1865–66). As the leader of the Liberal Union party, which he had founded, O'Donnell followed a more or less moderate policy. He took command in the successful Spanish campaign (1859–60) in Morocco and after the capture of Tétouan (Span. Tetuán) was given the title duque de Tetuán. In 1866 his harsh repression of an uprising organized by Gen. Juan Prim led to O'Donnell's dismissal.
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