Bernardo O'Higgins

(redirected from O'Higgins)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to O'Higgins: Bernardo O'Higgins

O'Higgins, Bernardo

(bĕrnär`thō ōē`gēns), 1778–1842, South American revolutionary and ruler (1817–23) of Chile; illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins. He was chosen in 1813 to replace José Miguel CarreraCarrera, José Miguel
, 1785–1821, Chilean revolutionist. With his brothers, Juan José and Luis, he overthrew the revolutionary junta headed by Martínez de Rozas in 1813 and dominated Chile until replaced by Bernardo O'Higgins later that year.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as revolutionary leader. After the loss at RancaguaRancagua
, city (1990 est. pop. 190,400), capital of Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins region, central Chile, in a fertile valley among the Andean foothills. One of Chile's largest copper mines (El Teniente) is nearby.
..... Click the link for more information.
, O'Higgins fled with the remnant of his army to Argentina, where he joined forces with San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Returning to Chile in 1817, San Martín and O'Higgins defeated the Spaniards at ChacabucoChacabuco, battle of,
Feb. 12, 1817, fought between Chilean independence forces and Spanish troops. It took place just N of Santiago, Chile. José de San Martín, with Bernardo O'Higgins, assaulted and decisively defeated the Spanish forces, thus gaining entry into
..... Click the link for more information.
. O'Higgins was named supreme director of Chile, whose independence he proclaimed on Feb. 12, 1818. His financial, political, and social reforms aroused much opposition, and in 1823 he was deposed and exiled to Peru, where he remained until his death.


See biographies by J. Kinsbruner (1968) and S. Clissold (1969).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The fines imposed on the banks by the European Commission were an important first step, but they will not compensate those who were damaged or suffered losses," O'Higgins said.
Co Down lost 2-0 to O'Higgins at the Coleraine Showgrounds.
O'Higgins resignation from the post will allow the firm to name someone who has more retail-banking experience.
Mr O'Higgins said: "There was a darkcoloured hatchback in the inside lane and Mr Williams was in the outside lane.
Dave O'Higgins cut his teeth with the National Youth Jazz Orchestra before coming to prominence as the front man of the widely-renowned band Roadside Picnic, at the same time winning much acclaim with his own trio, the Gang of Three.
When trumpet or sax played triplets, for example, Tyas seemed to pick up REVIEW Band: Ben Crosland Trio with Steve Waterman and Dave O'Higgins Venue: The Keys, Huddersfield Reviewer: William Marshall ....