O'Sullivan, Timothy H.

O'Sullivan, Timothy H.,

c.1840–1882, American pioneer photographer, b. New York City. O'Sullivan worked in Matthew Brady's first New York gallery and on the battlefronts of the Civil War. He made photographs for the 40th-parallel surveys (1867–69) and the first underground mine pictures, at the Comstock Lode. Most of his views made for the Wheeler Colorado River expedition were lost fighting the rapids. In 1873, O'Sullivan photographed the ecology and the civilizations of the Arizona and New Mexico deserts. He was appointed chief photographer to the treasury department in 1880.


See biography by J. D. Horan (1966).

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O'Sullivan, Timothy H.

(c. 1840–82) photographer; born in New York City. A protégé of Mathew Brady, he led photographers covering Gettysburg and Richmond during the Civil War. From 1862 to 1865 he photographed the Army of the Potomac with Alexander Gardner. An expedition photographer (1867–74), he took pictures for various geological surveys with a magnesium torch deep in the Comstock mines, in the rain forests of Panama, and along the Chelley Canyon in Arizona.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.