Bernardo O'Higgins

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O'Higgins, Bernardo

(bĕrnär`thō ōē`gēns), 1778–1842, South American revolutionary and ruler (1817–23) of Chile; illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins. He was chosen in 1813 to replace José Miguel CarreraCarrera, José Miguel
, 1785–1821, Chilean revolutionist. With his brothers, Juan José and Luis, he overthrew the revolutionary junta headed by Martínez de Rozas in 1813 and dominated Chile until replaced by Bernardo O'Higgins later that year.
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 as revolutionary leader. After the loss at RancaguaRancagua
, city (1990 est. pop. 190,400), capital of Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins region, central Chile, in a fertile valley among the Andean foothills. One of Chile's largest copper mines (El Teniente) is nearby.
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, O'Higgins fled with the remnant of his army to Argentina, where he joined forces with San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
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. Returning to Chile in 1817, San Martín and O'Higgins defeated the Spaniards at ChacabucoChacabuco, battle of,
Feb. 12, 1817, fought between Chilean independence forces and Spanish troops. It took place just N of Santiago, Chile. José de San Martín, with Bernardo O'Higgins, assaulted and decisively defeated the Spanish forces, thus gaining entry into
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. O'Higgins was named supreme director of Chile, whose independence he proclaimed on Feb. 12, 1818. His financial, political, and social reforms aroused much opposition, and in 1823 he was deposed and exiled to Peru, where he remained until his death.


See biographies by J. Kinsbruner (1968) and S. Clissold (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
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The Dragones Celestas were beaten 1-0 at home by O'Higgins in the Apertura and coach Jaime Vera has a few key figures missing through injury.
Mr O'Higgins had said previously Harris was very lucky "to secure a role in a very prominent drama on RTE" and this could open up doors for his acting career.
One of the best stretches is a lengthy Bob Mintzer arrangement, the band striding out with funky flared loon pants, O'Higgins cast in a soulful Michael Brecker role.
Mr O'Higgins told the court "the tide turned" in 2007 and in September that year, former Anglo CEO David Drumm, who is not on trial, met Mr Quinn at a hotel near Navan to discuss what was becoming a serious problem.
LET'S PARTY: Mike Gibbs (left) will mark his 65th birthday in Birmingham tomorrow and (above) Dave O'Higgins, who will be performing at the Glee Club on Wednesday
His lawyer Cahir O'Higgins said he had the cannabis for friends.
I MUST remember that my subject is jazz not Asian food when writing about Dave O'Higgins fine session last Friday at Ty's Restaurant in Birmingham's Sparkbrook.
Network Magazine's Product of the Year Award underscores Entrust Technologies' achievements in successfully providing our customers with Trust Relationship Management solutions that allow them to extend innovative, efficient services to millions of customers, employees and partners," said Brian O'Higgins, founder, executive vice president and chief technology officer, Entrust Technologies.
Michael O'Higgins SC told the court the mother has a teenage child who was placed in care after allegations were made against her partner, whom she has since married.
Dave O'Higgins Biggish Band, Big Shake Up, Candid Records "Bit City" BCCD 79208