Oxford English Dictionary

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oxford English Dictionary


(OED), the largest dictionary of the English language. The first edition was published by the Oxford University Press beginning in 1884. It was based on material gathered by the London Philological Society and was called the New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (a second title, Oxford English Dictionary, appeared in the volumes published from 1895). By 1929 ten volumes, covering the letters A to Z, had been published and a supplement appeared in 1933. That year a new 13-voIume edition of the dictionary was published. Called the Oxford English Dictionary, it was virtually a facsimile of the first edition. The dictionary has not been reissued since 1933, although a two-volume abridged version—the Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary—has appeared. The first volume of a projected three-volume supplement came out in 1972.

The Oxford English Dictionary includes all the words in the English literary and spoken language since 1150 and gives a detailed description of their pronunciation and their etymological, semantic, orthographic, and grammatical characteristics. Historical changes in the meaning, spelling, pronunciation, and usage of each word are illustrated by examples, usually citations. The dictionary contains about 500,000 words and includes about 2 million citations from 20,000 works by more than 5,000 authors.

Abridged versions of the dictionary—the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary and the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English—are issued regularly.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Oxford English Dictionary

(OED) great multi-volume historical dictionary of English. [Br. Hist.: Caught in the Web of Words]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In its standard form, the OED consists of 12 books containing 41.81 million words in 252,259 entries, and 1.86 million quotations.
We, in the OED, believe that the Philippines, just like this country, is part of the English speaking world.
16.25 OED: 2 ddarn o waith creadigol (drama, barddoniaeth, rhyddiaith neu gyfuniad: Mali Elwy, Tan y Fron Llansannan.
The new additions to the OED were discussed at the event, attended by Philippine Ambassador to the UK Antonio Lagdameo, who opened the signing and turnover ceremony of the latest edition of the OED.
'The OED is pleased to have this opportunity to collaborate with Sentro Rizal-London and present its work on Philippine English to a Filipino audience in [the UK capital city],' Salazar explained.
Likewise added in the OED are loanwords from Filipino like halo-halo (a dessert made of mixed fruits, sweet beans, milk, and shaved ice), and kilig (exhilaration or elation caused by an exciting or romantic experience), from Chinese, like pancit ('noodles'), and from Spanish, like pan de sal ('a bread roll') and despedida ('a going-away party'); and formations in English that are only used in the Philippines, like kikay kit ('a cosmetics case') and comfort room ('a toilet').
The phrase par exemple is attested in the OED from 1801 onwards, and although at present it is occasionally used as an EM, it is not fully naturalised.
A lifestyle article from the Inquirer cited by the OED had the interviewee, Mikko Sumulong, saying, When someone compliments me on something I worked on, there's that kilig feeling that comes with me saying, 'Thanks, I made it!'
So to save us spending days in there, perhaps you can help the OED team by sharing your parmo knowledge?
Eisteddfod Genedlaethol 2012 (S4C, yn dechrau 10am) Y cystadlaethau Rhuban Glas Offerynnol 16-19 oed, Llefaru Unigol o'r ysgrythur 16-19 oed, cystadlaethau Unawd o Oratorio neu Offeren ac Unawd Gymraeg 19-25 oed fydd yr arlwy''r bore yma yng nghwmni Nia Roberts.
That same year another important literary work emerged, a twelve-volume (plus one volume Supplement) edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), that concentrated more particularly on word meanings.