Oxford English Dictionary

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Oxford English Dictionary

 

(OED), the largest dictionary of the English language. The first edition was published by the Oxford University Press beginning in 1884. It was based on material gathered by the London Philological Society and was called the New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (a second title, Oxford English Dictionary, appeared in the volumes published from 1895). By 1929 ten volumes, covering the letters A to Z, had been published and a supplement appeared in 1933. That year a new 13-voIume edition of the dictionary was published. Called the Oxford English Dictionary, it was virtually a facsimile of the first edition. The dictionary has not been reissued since 1933, although a two-volume abridged version—the Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary—has appeared. The first volume of a projected three-volume supplement came out in 1972.

The Oxford English Dictionary includes all the words in the English literary and spoken language since 1150 and gives a detailed description of their pronunciation and their etymological, semantic, orthographic, and grammatical characteristics. Historical changes in the meaning, spelling, pronunciation, and usage of each word are illustrated by examples, usually citations. The dictionary contains about 500,000 words and includes about 2 million citations from 20,000 works by more than 5,000 authors.

Abridged versions of the dictionary—the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary and the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English—are issued regularly.

I. V. GUDOVSHCHIKOVA

Oxford English Dictionary

(OED) great multi-volume historical dictionary of English. [Br. Hist.: Caught in the Web of Words]
References in periodicals archive ?
Definition of the word 'parmo' " on the OED appeals website, left
Murray had to deal with many critical questions in assembling the OED.
For most teaching purposes up to Key Stage 5, individual teacher access to the OED does most of what you need.
The OED editors should have purchased a first edition of The Sun Also Rises while it still cost two dollars.
All of these questions are very relevant to The Ring of Words, written by three lexicographers from the modern OED project, one which brings the OED into the oh-so-malleable present, and even into the potential futures through their 'science fiction and fantasy supplement' in progress, both of which changes in the nature of the OED are made possible by its electronic form, but more on that later.
Each PPAR is subject to a peer review process and OED management approval.
The OED is already a representation in at least two senses: its content represents culture through time, and its aesthetic represents authority.
Simon Winchester's The Professor and the Madman made the best-seller list, chronicling one of the most remarkable stories of OED research into "first uses.
The OED definition of reservoir as a medical term is.
An OED spokeswoman said the words were included by OED lexicographers because of the frequency with which they had been appearing in the English-language media in Britain and in the rest of the English-speaking world.
For operations evaluated in FY98-99, 81 percent of funds lent and 93 percent of funds lent for adjustment were in operations rated satisfactory or better by OED.