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(One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, www.laptop.org) A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a USD $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. Founded in 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte, OLPC laptops are geared to the educational ministries of governments that can purchase thousands of units at a time.

Taiwan-based Quanta Computer was selected as the original design manufacturer (ODM), and manufacturing began in late 2007. Although USD $100 was the target, a manufacturing cost of about $190 was announced for the first run of 300,000 units, a smaller order than anticipated.

Unexpected Competition
Although orders for millions of OLPCs were expected by 2007, Intel persuaded several countries to use its own low-cost PC (see Classmate). Negroponte admonished Intel for interfering with his non-profit venture to help the poor. Soon after, Intel joined OLPC's board to help design future products but withdrew in 2008. For details about OLPC models, see XO computer.

The OLPC Laptop
The laptop was designed to help stimulate and educate millions of kids in countries that would not otherwise have access to computers. (Image courtesy of the One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)

An XO Machine Running Sugar
Since the OLPC's logo is an abstract person (X for the body; O for the head), the OLPC is called the "XO" computer. Its graphical interface is "Sugar," which boots up with icons of friends and activities. See XO computer. (Image courtesy of One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
Tottenham have strongly denied any suggestion they had carried out surveillance on executives at West Ham or the OPLC.
The OPLC will retain control of a number of days for the stadium.
If the OPLC try to fast track the whole process they will be challenged again.
Tottenham rejected Baroness Ford's comments and issued a statement through their lawyers, which read: "The club did not undertake, instruct or engage any party to conduct surveillance on any member of the OPLC Committee and we consider the making of this baseless accusation to be wholly inappropriate and irresponsible.
The Government, the London Mayor's office and the OPLC have come forward to annul the current deal to end the legal challenges over the stadium's ownership.
By the end of this week, OPLC will launch a new tender process, with all bidders interested in agreeing tenancy deals - which will cost about pounds 2m a year - having until January to submit proposals.
But in February, the OPLC chose West Ham as its first choice to move into the stadium - a decision approved by the Government and Mr Johnson.
The club's lawyers have written letters to the OPLC, the Mayor of London, the Minister of Sport and the Secretary of State for Local Government and a separate letter to the London Borough of Newham raising a number of concerns with the processes which led to the award.
The provision of the running track is an integral part of the West Ham-Newham, UK Athletics-backed proposal and OPLC will be seeking guarantees that that will be delivered.
An OPLC board meeting on Friday was widely seen as the point when a final decision would be made for the showpiece stadium.
Particularly relevant has been the anonymous complaint to the EC over 'state aid', and the OPLC received a letter from Newham Council yesterday saying because of the uncertainty they no longer wanted to proceed.
The Sunday Times claimed West Ham paid 20,000 pounds into an OPLC executive's bank account before and after it won the right to own the stadium after the Games.