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(One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, www.laptop.org) A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a USD $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. Founded in 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte, OLPC laptops are geared to the educational ministries of governments that can purchase thousands of units at a time.

Taiwan-based Quanta Computer was selected as the original design manufacturer (ODM), and manufacturing began in late 2007. Although USD $100 was the target, a manufacturing cost of about $190 was announced for the first run of 300,000 units, a smaller order than anticipated.

Unexpected Competition
Although orders for millions of OLPCs were expected by 2007, Intel persuaded several countries to use its own low-cost PC (see Classmate). Negroponte admonished Intel for interfering with his non-profit venture to help the poor. Soon after, Intel joined OLPC's board to help design future products but withdrew in 2008. For details about OLPC models, see XO computer.

The OLPC Laptop
The laptop was designed to help stimulate and educate millions of kids in countries that would not otherwise have access to computers. (Image courtesy of the One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)

An XO Machine Running Sugar
Since the OLPC's logo is an abstract person (X for the body; O for the head), the OLPC is called the "XO" computer. Its graphical interface is "Sugar," which boots up with icons of friends and activities. See XO computer. (Image courtesy of One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
The OPLC will start evaluating the four bids with the aim of making a decision before this summer's Games.
Tottenham went to court seeking a judicial review after the OPLC awarded West Ham preferred bidder status last February.
The original deal for West Ham to take over the stadium collapsed in October due to legal challenges from Tottenham and Leyton Orient, and under the new process the OPLC will spend around pounds 95million on converting the stadium to a 60,000-seat venue for the new tenants.
The OPLC has been asked to start a new process to secure tenants for the stadium and any interested bidders will have to submit proposals by January.
The Government, the London Mayor's office and the OPLC have moved to scrap the prospective deal in its current form in order to try to end the legal challenges over the stadium's ownership.
No doubt once the OPLC has made its decision, any further awkward questions regarding the Olympic stadium's future usage and the value for money received by taxpayers responsible for funding the pounds 500 million venue will be brushed aside, the 'legacy' put on the back burner.
Baroness Ford, chairman of the OPLC, which is in charge of securing a viable economic future for the home of the London 2012 Games, told the London Assembly earlier: "The thing that I have learned in the last 12 months is that there has been all kinds of behaviour.
A new tender process is being launched by the OPLC and the showpiece venue, complete with an athletics track, will now remain in public ownership and be rented out to an anchor tenant.
Tottenham issued a statement through their lawyers, which read: "The club did not undertake, instruct or engage any party to conduct surveillance on any member of the OPLC Committee and we consider the making of this baseless accusation to be wholly inappropriate and irresponsible.
By the end of this week, OPLC will launch a new tender process, with all bidders interested in agreeing tenancy deals - which will cost about pounds 2m a year - having until January to submit proposals.
The Government, the London Mayor's office and the OPLC have come forward to annul the current deal to end the legal challenges over the stadium's ownership.
But in February, the OPLC chose West Ham as its first choice to move into the stadium - a decision approved by the Government and Mr Johnson.