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(One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, www.laptop.org) A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a USD $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. Founded in 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte, OLPC laptops are geared to the educational ministries of governments that can purchase thousands of units at a time.

Taiwan-based Quanta Computer was selected as the original design manufacturer (ODM), and manufacturing began in late 2007. Although USD $100 was the target, a manufacturing cost of about $190 was announced for the first run of 300,000 units, a smaller order than anticipated.

Unexpected Competition
Although orders for millions of OLPCs were expected by 2007, Intel persuaded several countries to use its own low-cost PC (see Classmate). Negroponte admonished Intel for interfering with his non-profit venture to help the poor. Soon after, Intel joined OLPC's board to help design future products but withdrew in 2008. For details about OLPC models, see XO computer.

The OLPC Laptop
The laptop was designed to help stimulate and educate millions of kids in countries that would not otherwise have access to computers. (Image courtesy of the One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)

An XO Machine Running Sugar
Since the OLPC's logo is an abstract person (X for the body; O for the head), the OLPC is called the "XO" computer. Its graphical interface is "Sugar," which boots up with icons of friends and activities. See XO computer. (Image courtesy of One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
The OPLC will start evaluating the four bids with the aim of making a decision before this summer's Games.
Tottenham went to court seeking a judicial review after the OPLC awarded West Ham preferred bidder status last February.
The OPLC will also be open to selling the naming rights on the stadium, with the tenants receiving a cut of the income.
The OPLC, government and mayor of London currently agree the stadium will remain in public ownership.
Under the expected new tender process any amount spent on changing the stadium after the 2012 Games will be covered by the OPLC.
The Government, the London Mayor's office and the OPLC have moved to scrap the prospective deal in its current form in order to try to end the legal challenges over the stadium's ownership.
It comes days after the Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC) confirmed an employee had been suspended after it was discovered she was working as a consultant for West Ham during the bidding process.
The clubs started the legal battle after the Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC) board voted 14-0 in February to make the Hammers the first choice to move into the pounds 486million stadium.
According to Wang, Beijing has written into the five-year plan development of the mainland's optical power line communications (OPLC) as the end-user network of intelligent power management.
The Hammers have all-but sealed the deal to take over the stadium with Olympic Park Legac y Company (OPLC) chairman Baroness Ford insisting the club made a "more compelling" bid.
The recommendation of the OPLC will be put to the 14-man board which is expected to announce its decision today.
Within the next few weeks, board members of the Olympic Park Legacy Company (OPLC), another bureaucratic organisation of the type which have sprouted from nowhere over the past few years, will decide whether the plans put forward by West Ham, backed by a local council, or Tottenham Hotspur, supported by a billionaire currency trader, will receive their collective approval.