OSIP


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Piatnitskii, Iosif (OSIP) Aronovich

 

(pseudonym of Tarshis). Born Jan. 17 (29), 1882, in Vilkmerge, now the city of Ukmergė, Lithuanian SSR; died July 29, 1938. Member of the Russian and international communist movement. Member of the Communist Party from 1898.

The son of a carpenter, Piatnitskii worked as a tailor in Kaunas, where he joined the revolutionary movement, and was later the secretary of the tailors’ trade union in Vilnius. In 1901 he became an agent for the newspaper Iskra and helped ship it to Russia. Piatnitskii was arrested in 1902, escaped with other Iskra supporters from the Luk’ianovskii prison in Kiev, and emigrated to Germany, where he continued to send Iskra to Russia. He became a member of the Odessa Committee of the RSDLP in 1905, and from 1906 to 1908 organized the establishment of underground printing presses and the publication and distribution of the literature of the Moscow Committee of the RSDLP. Beginning in 1908 he directed the shipping of printed materials to Russia, at first in Geneva and later in Leipzig.

Piatnitskii helped organize the convocation of the Sixth (Prague) All-Russian Conference of the RSDLP (1912), was a delegate to the conference, and was confirmed as head of technical shipping affairs of the Central Committee of the RSDLP. After engaging in party work in Vol’sk and Samara as a member of the RSDLP committee in 1913 and 1914, he was exiled to Enisei Province in 1914. A member of the Moscow Committee of the RSDLP(B) beginning in April 1917, Piatnitskii was a delegate to the Seventh (April) All-Russian Conference and the Sixth Congress of the RSDLP(B). During the October fighting in Moscow, he was member of the Party Combat Center that directed the Moscow Military Revolutionary Committee.

Piatnitskii engaged in trade-union work beginning in November 1917. From 1918 to 1922 he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Moscow Soviet and a member of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee. In 1919 and 1920 he was chairman of the railroad workers’ trade union and in 1920 secretary of the Moscow Committee of the RCP(B).

Piatnitskii was active in the Executive Committee of the Comintern beginning in 1921: he was elected secretary in 1923, a candidate member in 1924, and a member in 1928. Beginning in 1935 he was active in the Central Committee of the ACP(B). A delegate to the Eighth, Ninth, and Twelfth through Seventeenth Party Congresses, he was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee at the Ninth Congress. He was a member of the Central Control Commission at the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Congresses and a member of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) at the Fifteenth through Seventeenth Congresses.

Piatnitskii wrote several works on the international revolutionary movement, as well as the memoirs Notes of a Bolshevik (1st ed., 1925; 5th ed., 1956).

WORKS

Izbr. vospominaniia i stat’i. Compiled by F. I. Firsov. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCE

Dmitrevskii, V. I. Piatnitskii. Moscow, 1971.

Z. N. TIKHONOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
(5.) Quoted in Osip Mandelshtam, The Noise of Time.
Las vicisitudes por las que ambos pasaron y luego cada uno de ellos son relatadas por Nadiezhda, quien fue expulsada de la URSS hasta que en 1956 regreso a Moscu, en donde comenzo a escribir sus recuerdos y difundir los poemas de Osip que habia copiado y escondido, asi como memorizado.
Maintenance and care of the web-based it procedure for the onlline security check (osip) including all interfaces and specialist modules as well as the data hub (so-called osip core) and further development in the form of inclusion of further security-relevant areas for security checks and necessary adjustments to the existing system.
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(Daniel Menager, Paola Cifarelli); in the eighteenth century, the French-language 'adaptations' of selected poems from the Canzoniere by l'Abbe Roman (Yves Giraud).The section concludes with an essay by Piero Cazzola on Osip Mandelstam's translation of four sonnets into Russian.
Como lo plantea en su conocido ensayo El impacto de la traduccion, no solo el dolor de su historia, sino el ejemplo de resistencia ideologica y moral de poetas como Ana Ajmatova y Osip Mandelshtam, entre otros, o de su admirado Czeslaw Milosz, lo han hecho encontrarse con una concepcion poetica que enriquecio su vision y le permitio introducir el contexto, aspecto que, segun el, habria sido poco ajeno a la tradicion inglesa.
In the 1920s some of the most gifted and popular Soviet writers, such as Osip Mandelstam, Leonid Leonov, Boris Pilnyak, Isaak Babel, Ilya Ehrenburg, and members of the Serapion Brothers, were fellow travelers.
19 January 2010 - US-based biotechnology company OSI Pharmaceuticals Inc (NASDAQ: OSIP) and Genentech Inc, wholy owned member of the Roche Group (VTX: ROG), announced yesterday that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has extended the review period for the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for Tarceva (erlotinib) as a first-line maintenance therapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by an additional 90 days.
Interest in the persecuted artist increasingly appears as a trademark of Woroszylski's poetry (e.g., "Osip and Nadezhda," a moving poem on the Mandelshtams).
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Pushkin's burlesque 'The Dangerous Neighbour', Bryusov's tour de force 'The Poet before Poetry's Altar', Voloshin's haunting 'Terror', and every one of the forty-two examples of Osip Mandel'shtam's poetry.
Como observo con agudeza Joseph Brodsky en su prologo a la obra de Osip Mandelstam, "cuanto mas clara es una voz, mas disonante suena.