Oak Groves

Oak Groves

 

usually deciduous (more rarely evergreen) broad-leaved forests dominated at the tree level by various species of oaks. They are found in East Asia and the Mediterranean area, as well as in Europe, Ireland, and western England. In the USSR oak groves are concentrated in the central and southern European parts, the Caucasus, and the Far East; they cover more than 9 million hectares, or 1.3 percent of total forested land.

Oak groves generally also contain ash, maple, elms of several types, linden, beech, hornbeam, cherry, service wood, apple, pear, birch, aspen, occasionally black alder, and even pine and spruce. The undergrowth includes many filberts, spindle trees, mountain ash, bird cherry, and in places hawthorn, steppe cherry, blackthorn, black elder, cranberry, honeysuckle, and dog rose. Pure oak groves grow, with low yields, on solonets soil.

Types of oak groves and their productivity vary with soil and terrain conditions and the climatic features of the region. Some specific types are spruce, spruce-maple-linden, spruce-hornbeam, and tidal groves. Oak groves serve many purposes. They produce a variety of valuable wood from oaks and other trees found in them, particularly hardwood varieties. They also give edible nuts and fruits. When growing on watersheds, ravines, gullies, mountain slopes, or steep river banks and their floodplains, oak groves have great importance for water retention and regulation soil protection, and land and forest improvement.

The oak groves of the European part of the USSR (the Ukraine, Byelorussia, the Baltic region, the central areas, the Volga Region, and the Northern Caucasus) are composed primarily of English oak. In the west, in the Crimea and Caucasus, durmast oak and, in the south, pubescent oak mix with English oak. Besides the varieties named, there are also Iberian oaks, chestnutleaf oaks,Macranthera oaks, long-stem oaks, and Hartwiss oaks in the Caucasus. Oak groves of the Far East contain primarily Mongolian oak.

REFERENCES

Dubravy SSSR, vols. 1-4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949-52.
Lositskii, K. B.Vosstanovlenie dubrav. Moscow, 1963.
Shimaniuk, A. P.Biologiia drevesnykh i kustarnikovykh porod SSSR, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Lesa SSSR, vols. 2-3. Moscow, 1966.

A. P. SHIMANIUK

References in classic literature ?
While the train flashed through never-ending miles of ripe wheat, by country towns and bright-flowered pastures and oak groves wilting in the sun, we sat in the observation car, where the woodwork was hot to the touch and red dust lay deep over everything.
The hounds of that ardent young sportsman Rostov had not merely reached hard winter condition, but were so jaded that at a meeting of the huntsmen it was decided to give them a three days' rest and then, on the sixteenth of September, to go on a distant expedition, starting from the oak grove where there was an undisturbed litter of wolf cubs.
He rode down the perpendicular path in the rocks, from the Castle of Banias to the oak grove, at a flying gallop, his horse striding "thirty feet" at every bound.
We had crossed an old bridge thrown over the Douve and were entering the part of the park called the Oak Grove, The oaks here were centuries old.
The area is adjacent to the historical Hood House and Hood Mountain Regional Park Equestrian Staging Area and features old growth Douglas fir and live oak groves, creeks, and mountains with views to the San Pablo Bay and beyond.
Joyce notes that the white oak used to construct each barrel will be hand-selected from the centuries-old oak groves of the Oregon Coast Range, less than 100 miles from Newport.
Open champion Jerry Pate, who created Dancing Rabbit in Philadelphia and Canebrake in Hattiesburg, designed the course, integrating cypress swamps and live oak groves into the natural layout.
In fact, some of the best hunting I have experienced in late October and early November has occurred near shingle oak groves, a member of the red oak group.
The ancient druids celebrated their rites in oak groves, and druid is said to mean man of the oaks.
He likes nothing better than to harness up the Jeep and drive foreign dignitaries around the ranch to point out the native wildlife among the oak groves (although Vladimir Putin's November tour was also washed out).
We no longer need bur oak groves to act as safety nets for Conestoga wagons heading west.