Oak Groves

Oak Groves

 

usually deciduous (more rarely evergreen) broad-leaved forests dominated at the tree level by various species of oaks. They are found in East Asia and the Mediterranean area, as well as in Europe, Ireland, and western England. In the USSR oak groves are concentrated in the central and southern European parts, the Caucasus, and the Far East; they cover more than 9 million hectares, or 1.3 percent of total forested land.

Oak groves generally also contain ash, maple, elms of several types, linden, beech, hornbeam, cherry, service wood, apple, pear, birch, aspen, occasionally black alder, and even pine and spruce. The undergrowth includes many filberts, spindle trees, mountain ash, bird cherry, and in places hawthorn, steppe cherry, blackthorn, black elder, cranberry, honeysuckle, and dog rose. Pure oak groves grow, with low yields, on solonets soil.

Types of oak groves and their productivity vary with soil and terrain conditions and the climatic features of the region. Some specific types are spruce, spruce-maple-linden, spruce-hornbeam, and tidal groves. Oak groves serve many purposes. They produce a variety of valuable wood from oaks and other trees found in them, particularly hardwood varieties. They also give edible nuts and fruits. When growing on watersheds, ravines, gullies, mountain slopes, or steep river banks and their floodplains, oak groves have great importance for water retention and regulation soil protection, and land and forest improvement.

The oak groves of the European part of the USSR (the Ukraine, Byelorussia, the Baltic region, the central areas, the Volga Region, and the Northern Caucasus) are composed primarily of English oak. In the west, in the Crimea and Caucasus, durmast oak and, in the south, pubescent oak mix with English oak. Besides the varieties named, there are also Iberian oaks, chestnutleaf oaks,Macranthera oaks, long-stem oaks, and Hartwiss oaks in the Caucasus. Oak groves of the Far East contain primarily Mongolian oak.

REFERENCES

Dubravy SSSR, vols. 1-4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949-52.
Lositskii, K. B.Vosstanovlenie dubrav. Moscow, 1963.
Shimaniuk, A. P.Biologiia drevesnykh i kustarnikovykh porod SSSR, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Lesa SSSR, vols. 2-3. Moscow, 1966.

A. P. SHIMANIUK

References in classic literature ?
While the train flashed through never-ending miles of ripe wheat, by country towns and bright-flowered pastures and oak groves wilting in the sun, we sat in the observation car, where the woodwork was hot to the touch and red dust lay deep over everything.
We had crossed an old bridge thrown over the Douve and were entering the part of the park called the Oak Grove, The oaks here were centuries old.
All this takes place against a vista of ridges and oak groves.
The ancient druids celebrated their rites in oak groves, and druid is said to mean `man of the oaks'.
We no longer need bur oak groves to act as safety nets for Conestoga wagons heading west.
The natural beauty of Heritage Hill Country's pristine oak groves is enhanced by a flowing stream, a tributary of nearby Barron's Creek, which runs through the property.
The irony was that most of the families rallying for Old Glory lived in the housing tracts that had replaced meadows and oak groves and rolling hills.
There are several oak groves on the property that are suitable for the new trees.
It was called out in our general plan as one of the two best oak groves in the city of Thousand Oaks.
Isn't it time that our school administrators stopped accepting school sites in hillside management areas, oak groves, flood plains, next to high- powered gas and power lines and in earthquake fault areas?
It had been so long since I'd journeyed up this way that everything was new again, and I stopped periodically at the various turnouts to take in the dramatic landscape of sheer cliffs and oak groves.
PHOTO (color in SAC edition only -- ran in SAC, AV and Conejo edition only) Oak groves like this one near College of the Canyons in Valencia may be affected by proposed changes in an L.