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city (1990 pop. 372,242), seat of Alameda co., W Calif., on the eastern side of San Francisco Bay; inc. 1852. Together with San Francisco and San Jose, the city comprises the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States. A containerized shipping port and a major rail terminus, Oakland has shipyards, chemical plants, glassworks, food-processing establishments, an iron foundry, and high-technology companies. Manufactures include foods, cleaners, electronic goods, and canvas and metal products. The San Francisco–Oakland Bay BridgeSan Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge,
double-decked structure, W Calif.; built 1933–36 and (eastern section replacement) 2002–13. It has a total length of 8.25 mi (13.2 km).
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 was opened in 1936 and connects Oakland with other nearby cities. Oakland is the headquarters and hub of the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART; opened 1972), a three-county rapid transit system that connects to San Francisco and other area communities. It also has an international airport.

On Oct. 17, 1989, an earthquake struck the San Francisco Bay area, resulting in severe damage to Oakland. The earthquake's toll took 62 lives and injured thousands. In 1991, a wind-driven fire devastated the city's northeastern section. Besides the reconstruction following these two disasters, there was considerable redevelopment of Oakland's waterfront area in the late 20th century.

Of interest are the Oakland Museum, Chabot Space and Science Center, the Morcom Rose Garden, Jack London Square, and the Cathedral of Christ the Light. The city has a symphony orchestra, notable parks, a state arboretum, a children's amusement park, and a zoo. It is the seat of Mills College, Holy Names Univ., and California College of the Arts. Most of Oakland's many military facilities closed in the 1990s, but the Coast Guard still maintains a presence there. The city is home to the Athletics (American League baseball), the Raiders (National Football League), and the Golden State Warriors (National Basketball Association). Jack LondonLondon, Jack
(John Griffith London), 1876–1916, American author, b. San Francisco. The illegitimate son of William Chaney, an astrologer, and Flora Wellman, a seamstress and medium, he had a poverty-stricken childhood, and was brought up by his mother and her subsequent
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 lived in Oakland.



a city in the western USA, in the state of California. Population, 362,000 (1970). Oakland is near San Francisco, with which it is connected by a 6.9-km-long bridge. A commercial and transportation center, it is a port on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay and the terminus of a number of transcontinental railroad lines. Industry employs 28,000 people and includes shipyards, metalworks, food-processing and chemical enterprises, and large-scale automobile assembly plants.


a port and industrial centre in W California, on San Francisco Bay; damaged by earthquake in 1989. Pop.: 398 844 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We are pleased to be bring this race to Oakland and showcase beautiful Lake Merritt," says Oakland Renegades Team Captain, Mike O'Meara.
Oakland had previously gone on hiatus in 2004-05 in order to undertake a (successful) $500,000 fundraising campaign.
And the fact that the funds fled the Oakland public schools in the 1970s, at the same time that African Americans came into the majority both in student population and membership of the school board, ought to be considered less than coincidental.
Older teens and adults will find this reading expands their desire to explore Oakland and enjoy a city that usually is neglected due to its more famous neighbors, Berkeley and San Francisco.
Over the last several years, Oakland has become a community of contrasts--a mixture of public housing and grand mansions, dilapidated flophouses and newly built condominiums, vacant lots and wide, tree-lined streets where children ride their bicycles.
General Services Administration (GSA) said: "The Oakland Federal Building is a remarkable example of business and government working together to achieve a vision.
The study shows that geological structures in the region caused the shaking in San Francisco and Oakland to reach double the level expected for a quake of that size.
An overwhelming demand for lumber to build the cities of San Francisco and Oakland between 1850 and 1860 drove prices upward, and away to the woods with their mighty axes went many a fortune hunter.