Oath of Allegiance


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Oath of Allegiance

 

a solemn vow taken by each citizen on joining the armed forces. Oaths have been used in the armed forces of most countries since ancient times. The content of military oaths and the rituals performed when taking them reflect the class nature of the particular state and its armed forces and the historically established traditions and customs of the particular people.

In the USSR the oath taken by each Soviet citizen on joining the armed forces expresses his readiness to carry out his sacred duty to defend the homeland in accordance with the requirements of the Constitution of the USSR (arts. 62 and 63). The oath taken in the established manner becomes law for the serviceman for his entire term of military service.

The text of the solemn promise upon entry into the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army was first ratified by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee on Apr. 22, 1918. V. I. Lenin, Ia. M. Sverdlov, N. I. Podvoiskii, and other party and government figures administered the oath for the first Red Army units in the Moscow garrison. In March 1922 a decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the USSR established the day and the procedure for administering the oath to the entire army and navy. On Jan. 3, 1939, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR ratified a new text for the oath of allegiance and a statute concerning the procedure for taking it.

The present text of the oath was ratified by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on June 10, 1947. It reads as follows: “I, a citizen of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, upon entering the ranks of the armed forces, take this oath and solemnly swear to be an honest, brave, disciplined, and vigilant fighting man, strictly keep military and state secrets, and unconditionally fulfill all military regulations and orders by commanders and superiors. I swear that I will conscientiously study military affairs, protect military and public property in every way possible, and be devoted to my people and my Soviet homeland and Soviet government until my final breath. I will always be ready to come to the defense of my homeland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, at the order of the Soviet government and, as a fighting man of the armed forces, I swear that I will defend it courageously, skillfully, and with dignity and honor, sparing neither blood nor life itself to achieve complete victory over enemies. But if I violate this solemn oath of mine, may the harsh retribution of the Soviet law and the universal hatred and scorn of the working people befall me” (Interior Service Regulations of the Armed Forces of the USSR, 1968, p. 207).

New soldiers and seamen and cadets from military schools and academies who have not taken the oath at an earlier time do so after completing the training program for a new soldier or seaman, or learning the requirements of the military regulations and the rules for handling weapons, and on grasping the significance of the oath, the unit banner, and military discipline. The time of administration of the oath is announced in an order for the unit, school, or institution.

The oath is administered ceremonially. The unit is lined up in dismounted formation with weapons and stands by the unit banner. A military band is also present. Holding his submachine gun at port arms (order arms for a carbine), each man takes the oath by reciting the text aloud and then signs a special list in the column opposite his name and takes his place in the formation. After the oath has been administered, the band plays the national anthem of the Soviet Union and the unit passes in ceremonial procession.

References in classic literature ?
But you also say that our oath of allegiance is a conditional matter, and to that I reply: 'You are my best friend, as you know, but if you formed a secret society and began working against the government- be it what it may- I know it is my duty to obey the government.
Rapidly the fever spread from one tribe to another until representatives from nations so far distant that the Sarians had never even heard of them came in to take the oath of allegiance which we required, and to learn the art of making the new weapons and using them.
I looked inquiringly toward Ajor, who explained as best she could that this was the form of the Caspakian oath of allegiance.
I am a royalist," replied the general; "I have taken the oath of allegiance to Louis XVIII.
A devoted Catholic, he took a part which must have been revolting to himself in the torturing and burning of Protestants; but his absolute loyalty to conscience showed itself to better purpose when in the almost inevitable reverse of fortune he chose harsh imprisonment and death rather than to take the formal oath of allegiance to the king in opposition to the Pope.
The oath of allegiance is tendered to him; he must either subscribe or stretch out his neck to the executioner; the fool takes the latter course, the coward subscribes, the wise man strikes a last blow for liberty--in his own heart.
July 23, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- This week's announcement by the Obama administration that new citizens can recite the Oath of Allegiance without declaring they will bear arms on behalf of the United States is another subtle swipe at the right to keep and bear arms, the Second Amendment Foundation said today.
Mr MacDonald will take the oath of allegiance and the judicial oath at a swearing-in ceremony before the Lord Chief Justice on June 3 at the Royal Courts of Justice.
Already in many military units, younger replenishment took a solemn oath of allegiance, the press service of the General Staff reported.
The oath of allegiance is usually performed when the Saudi Monarch, Crown Prince and senior princes of the Saudi royal family receive citizens at the royal palace, which is dedicated to such a formal occasion.
Details of the charges, provided by the Metropolitan Police, allege that the four men conducted "hostile reconnaissance" of Shepherd's Bush police station and White City Territorial Army Barracks and took an oath of allegiance to IS.
London: British police charged four men on Friday with intending to commit acts of terrorism, including taking an oath of allegiance to the IS group.