Oaxaca


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Oaxaca

(wähä`kä), state (1990 pop. 3,019,560), 36,375 sq mi (94,211 sq km), S Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean and its arm, the Gulf of Tehuantepec. OaxacaOaxaca,
city (1990 pop. 212,818), capital of Oaxaca state, S Mexico. The city is officially called Oaxaca de Juárez. Situated in a valley encircled by low mountains, Oaxaca is a commercial and tourist center with gardens and many examples of colonial church architecture.
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 is the capital. The northern part of the state is dominated by the Sierra de Oaxaca; there are deep tortuous valleys in the south and broad, open semiarid valleys and plateaus in the north. Except on the west and the north, the periphery of the state is tropical, the interior generally temperate.

Fertile valleys make agriculture the principal economic activity. Sugarcane, coffee (of which Oaxaca is a leading national producer), tobacco, cereals, and tropical and semitropical fruits are grown; livestock is raised. Oaxaca's mineral deposits remain largely unexploited. The state's limited industrial activity centers around oil refining, beverage and paper manufacturing, and sugar and flour milling. Oaxaca is also known for its handicrafts, especially handwoven textiles, pottery, and leather goods. Despite the existence of several highways, inadequate communications remain the chief barrier to the state's industrialization.

There are famous archaeological sites at MitlaMitla
[Nahuatl,=abode of the dead], religious center of the Zapotec, near Oaxaca, SW Mexico. Probably built in the 13th cent., the buildings, unlike the pyramidal structures of most Middle American architecture, are low, horizontal masses enclosing the plazas.
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 and Monte AlbánMonte Albán
, ancient city, c.7 mi (11.3 km) from Oaxaca, SW Mexico, capital of the Zapotec. Monte Albán was built on an artificially leveled, rocky promontory above the Valley of Oaxaca.
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. Indigenous peoples predominate here, as in few other states, with MixtecsMixtec
, Native American people of Oaxaca, Puebla, and part of Guerrero, SW Mexico, one of the most important groups in Mexico. Although the Mixtec codices constitute the largest collection of pre-Columbian manuscripts in existence, their origin is obscure.
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 dominating in the highlands and ZapotecsZapotec
, indigenous people of Mexico, primarily in S Oaxaca and on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Little is known of the origin of the Zapotec. Unlike most native peoples of Middle America, they had no traditions or legends of migration, but believed themselves to have been born
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 elsewhere. Beach resorts are under development at Huatulco Bays and other locales along the southern coast, which should increase the already important contribution of tourism to the state's economy. Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
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 and Benito JuárezJuárez, Benito
, 1806–72, Mexican liberal statesman and national hero. Revered by Mexicans as one of their greatest political figures, Juárez, with great moral courage and honesty, upheld the civil law and opposed the privileges of the clericals and the army.
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 were born here.


Oaxaca,

city (1990 pop. 212,818), capital of OaxacaOaxaca
, state (1990 pop. 3,019,560), 36,375 sq mi (94,211 sq km), S Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean and its arm, the Gulf of Tehuantepec. Oaxaca is the capital. The northern part of the state is dominated by the Sierra de Oaxaca; there are deep tortuous valleys in the south and
..... Click the link for more information.
 state, S Mexico. The city is officially called Oaxaca de Juárez. Situated in a valley encircled by low mountains, Oaxaca is a commercial and tourist center with gardens and many examples of colonial church architecture. The church and monastery of Santo Domingo de Guzmán is a national monument. Oaxaca is noted for hand-wrought gold and silver filigree, pottery, and sarapes that rank among the finest in Mexico. The city has two museums that feature pre-Hispanic art and a contemporary art museum, and the ancient ZapotecZapotec
, indigenous people of Mexico, primarily in S Oaxaca and on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Little is known of the origin of the Zapotec. Unlike most native peoples of Middle America, they had no traditions or legends of migration, but believed themselves to have been born
..... Click the link for more information.
 capital of Monte AlbánMonte Albán
, ancient city, c.7 mi (11.3 km) from Oaxaca, SW Mexico, capital of the Zapotec. Monte Albán was built on an artificially leveled, rocky promontory above the Valley of Oaxaca.
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 is nearby. There is an annual festival that celebrates indigenous culture. The chief city of S Mexico, Oaxaca is linked with the federal capital by rail and the Inter-American Highway. The city is subject to severe earthquakes.

According to Aztec tradition, Oaxaca was founded as Huasyacac in 1486, during the brief ascendancy of the Aztecs over the Mixtecs and Zapotecs; the present city was laid out by Spanish conquerors in 1529. Prominent in the Mexican revolution against Spain, the city also joined in the War of the Reform and in resistance to the French intervention. Both Benito JuárezJuárez, Benito
, 1806–72, Mexican liberal statesman and national hero. Revered by Mexicans as one of their greatest political figures, Juárez, with great moral courage and honesty, upheld the civil law and opposed the privileges of the clericals and the army.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
..... Click the link for more information.
 were born in Oaxaca in the 1800s. During May–Nov., 2006, the city was torn by a bitter protest against Oaxaca state's governor by teachers, leftists, and others and a heavy-handed state response; in October, federal police intervened with force to restore order to the central city.

Oaxaca

 

a state in southern Mexico, located chiefly in the Sierra Madre del Sur. Area, 95,400 sq km. Population, 2,015,000 (1970). Its administrative center is Oaxaca.

Oaxaca is one of Mexico’s most backward states. The slash-and-burn method of agriculture is widely used, and corn and beans are the main crops. Tropical fruit is cultivated on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and titanium ore is mined near Puerto Angel. There are canneries in Loma Bonita and a paper-and-pulp factory in Tuxtepec.


Oaxaca

 

a city in southern Mexico, in the Atoyac Valley. It is the administrative center of the state of Oaxaca. Population 117,000 (1970). The city is a transportation junction and a major commercial center. It has a food-processing industry and cottage industries producing pottery and leather articles.

Oaxaca

1. a state of S Mexico, on the Pacific: includes most of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec; inhabited chiefly by Indians. Capital: Oaxaca de Ju?rez. Pop.: 3 432 180 (2000). Area: 95 363 sq. km (36 820 sq. miles)
2. a city in S Mexico, capital of Oaxaca state: founded in 1486 by the Aztecs and conquered by Spain in 1521. Pop.: 483 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Tal fue el caso de varias organizaciones de derechos humanos como la Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos-Oaxaca (LIMEDDH) y el Comite 25 de Noviembre, que se encargaron de presentar demandas legales a nombre de las victimas, principalmente agrupadas en el Comite de Familiares y Amigos de Desaparecidos, Asesinados y Presos Politicos de Oaxaca (COFADAPPO).
El tercer capitulo aborda con detalle los efectos que tuvo la organizacion social en las elecciones locales de 2010 cuando, por primera vez en la historia de Oaxaca, ocurrio la alternancia en la gubernatura y la pluralidad en el Congreso local fue una realidad.
Oaxaca no era la excepcion: todos sus caminos estaban llenos de recuas cargadas de mercancias.
El nucleo mas duro de oposicion a la reforma esta en la seccion 22 en Oaxaca y hay que poner toda la atencion en que esta nueva secretaria aplique todos los preceptos: que a quien deje de ir a clases, se le deje de pagar, y a quien lo haga de manera sistematica, se le despida.
Historicamente, diferentes comunidades indigenas del estado de Oaxaca, han estado trabajando en la conservacion de areas naturales, y han establecido reglamentos internos con el fin de mejorar la gestion de sus recursos naturales.
Ports for small vessels in the area have been closed and emergency services in Oaxaca said they evacuated residents from some areas as a precaution, including the immediate vicinity of the refinery.
Teobert, Maler, Vistas de Oaxaca, 1874-1876, Oaxaca, Casa de la Ciudad/EckehardDolinski/ Instituto Ibero-Americano de Berlin, 2006.
Local Liberalism in Early National Oaxaca and Yucatan, Stanford, California, Stanford University Press, 2010, viii+289 pp.
Donde tenemos que detenernos para analizar el ejercicio del autoritarismo es justamente en las diversas instancias del gobierno federal, directa o indirectamente involucradas en la batalla de Oaxaca.
Last year, Eugene acupuncturist Jeya Aerenson led a dozen colleagues on a tour to Oaxaca, Mexico, to study with indigenous healers there.
On behalf of the Government of the State of Oaxaca in Mexico, thank you for the recent issues of Americas magazine.
Revolutions in Mexican Catholicism: Reform and Revelation in Oaxaca, 1887-1934, by Edward Wright-Rios.