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Salekhard (səlyĭkhärtˈ), city (1989 pop. 32,300), capital of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area, NW Siberian Russia, on the lower Ob River. It is a river port and has fish canneries, lumber mills, and shipyards. The population is mainly Russian. Founded as Obdorsk in 1595, the city was renamed in 1930. It is also spelled Salegard.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(until 1933, Obdorsk), a city under okrug jurisdiction and administrative center of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Tiumen’ Oblast, RSFSR.

Salekhard is a river port on the right bank of the Ob’, at the point where the Polui River empties into it, near the Arctic Circle. The Labytnangi railroad station on the line to Kotlas is on the opposite bank of the Ob’; it is connected with Salekhard by a ferry in summer and by buses in winter.

Salekhard was founded in 1595 as a fort. The former name, Obdorsk, was derived from the name of the Ob’ River and the Komi word dor, “a nearby place”; the Nentsy, however, always called the city Salekhard (“settlement on a cape”). In the 18th to early 20th centuries Salekhard was part of Berezov District, Tobol’sk Province. Soviet power was established there in April 1918.

Industry in Salekhard includes a fish cannery, housing-construction combines, and a milk plant. Construction components are also produced, and the city is a lumber transshipment center. Salekhard’s cultural and educational institutions include a zooveterinary technicum, a medical school, a teachers college, a cultural-educational school, a museum of local lore, and a house of people’s arts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The goal of the present article is to carry out an analysis, within a general functional-typological framework, of all cases in which the concept of possession was identified in the Obdorsk dialect of Khanty.
In the present article, all examples in the Obdorsk dialect are presented in the following way: in the first line an example is written in the orthography used in Nikolaeva 1999b and after the example a reference to the text is given including information about the number of the text in Nikolaeva 1999b, section number and page number.
Genealogical and sociolinguistic profile of the Obdorsk dialect
So Shvanenberg came up with the following solution: "I convinced Tsybulenko to sail with us only as far as Baideratskaia Bay [on the shores of Tobol'sk province], whence he could easily reach Obdorsk, and then travel up the Ob' River back to Eniseisk province." (40) The plan was to replace Tsybulenko with one of the natives from the shore, whose seafaring skills both Shvanenberg and Sidorov held in high regard.
The prisoners were bound for Obdorsk, but at a place called Berezov in Ostyak territory close to the Arctic Circle, Trotsky contrived to organise his escape with the help of a local surveyor named Rokoshovsky.
Most of the material used for the analysis is from the Obdorsk Mission, founded in 1854, which worked for the most part among the Nenets, Khanty, and Mansi populations, who knew very little or nothing about Christianity.
The Obdorsk branch of the missionary Brotherhood of St.
In her first summary of the Obdorsk dialect, she named the mood latentive ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1995: 126-132); she switched to the term evidential several years later.
The following examples are from the Obdorsk dialect.
E.g., the same rhyme generally correlates with the -uolle rhyme in Northern Sami (CL) (attested in 3 etyma), the -al(o) rhyme in Erzya Mordvin (6 etyma), the -ol(d) rhyme in Mari (3 etyma), the -ol rhyme in Tavda Mansi (3 etyma), the -ul rhyme in Vach Khanty (2 etyma), the -al rhyme in Hungarian (3 etyma), the -ale rhyme in Obdorsk Nenets (3 etyma), the -are rhyme in Baicha Enets (2 etyma), the -el rhyme in Tas Selkup (2 etyma), the -ele rhyme in Mator (2 etyma).
Nikolaeva (1999:10) gave a different description for the Northern dialect (Obdorsk variety): "The stress system is based on an unbounded quantity-sensitive foot constructed from left to right.