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an urban-type settlement in Shumilino Raion, Vitebsk Oblast, Byelorussian SSR, on the Obol’ River. It has a railroad station on the Vitebsk-Polotsk line, and the highway from Moscow to Riga passes through the settlement. Local plants produce bricks and pressed-peat insulating material. The settlement has a museum of komsomol glory, affiliated with the Byelorussian State Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45.
a river in Vitebsk Oblast, Byelorussian SSR; a right tributary of the Zapadnaia Dvina. It is 148 km long and drains an area of 2,690 sq km. After issuing from Lake Ezerishche (16,600 sq km), it flows through marshy lowlands. It is fed mainly by snow, and the average discharge 23 km from its mouth is 21.9 cu m per sec. The river freezes over in late November and breaks up in the second half of March or in April.
(1) A unit of weight and a silver, later copper, coin in ancient Greece, equal to 1/6 of a drachma.
(2) A bronze coin in Byzantium in the ninth and tenth centuries, equal to 1/2 of a follis.
(3) A copper coin in France in the ninth century, equal to 1/2 of a denier (a small coin, worth 1/12 of a sou or 1/240 of a livre, which remained in circulation until the early 19th century). The term “obol” (obole in French) was later applied to a silver coin, worth 4 denier in the time of Philip the Fair (1285–1314) and 7 1/2 denier under Charles IV (1322–28).