Obshchina


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Obshchina

 

(1) A revolutionary journal, of which one issue was published in London in September 1870. Its editors were S. G. Nechaev and V. I. Serebrenikov. The second issue, published in early 1871, was destroyed by Nechaev.

(2) A revolutionary journal published in Geneva from January to December 1878 by a group of Russian Bakuninist Narodniki (Populists). Nine issues were published (circulation, 1,000). Its editors were P. B. Aksel’rod, N. I. Zhukovskii, D. A. Klements, and Z. K. Ralli. S. M. Kravchinskii, V. N. Cherkezov, L. G. Deich, and Ia. V. Stefanovich were regular contributors. Also among those associated with the journal were M. P. Dragomanov and E. Reclus. The journal analyzed the results of the “going to the people” movement and published materials related to the Trial of 193, including I. N. Myshkin’s speech. Associated with Land and Liberty (Zemlia i Volia), the journal endeavored to unite various Populist currents “into a social-revolutionary party.”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Baklanova, Krest'ianskii dvor i obshchina na russkom Severe (konets XVII-nachalo XVIII v.) (Moscow: Nauka, 1976), 24, 192; L.
Thereafter, the legal categories for these groups were limited to secular terms from a Soviet state perspective--collective (obshchina) or society (obshchestvo), but not a church (tserkvi).
Penned after his and Engels' analysis of the failure of the Paris Commune and at the time of his correspondence with the Russian revolutionary Vera Zasulich about the progressive potential of the mir or obshchina, the village commune, the Notebooks discuss the family-household, work, kinship and their organisation, particularly in relation to the state.
Aleksandrov, Sel'skaia obshchina v Rossii (XVII-nachalo XIX v.) (Moscow, 1976), 245-7, 271-3.
Marx and Engels make a very significant argument in the preface to the Russian edition of the Communist Manifesto: "Now the question is: can the Russian obshchina, though greatly undermined, yet a form of primeval common ownership of land, pass directly to the higher form of Communist common ownership?
are all newcomers (priezhie), we have our community (obshchina), we have our own outlook and views, a lot of us do not want to leave the hillside, we already want to build our settlement here.--59, Samara, 1999
Pursuant to a June 2004 decision by the Arbitration Court of Sverdlovsk Oblast, an anti-Semitic newspaper, "Russkaya Obshchina Yekaterinburga," closed down.
Sukhanov first made an impact in 1905 with his championship of the obshchina, the repartitional village commune, as a middle way between private and public ownership of land.
Then and now the Russian peasant showed himself fearful of losing the security of the obshchina or the kolkhoz.
The other primary approach lies in the (re)construction of aboriginal obshchina territories.
"Obshchina buddiyskihk mcnakhov"/The Buddhist Monks Community/, Zhumal Min-va nar.