Obstetric Care

Obstetric Care


in the USSR, measures taken to protect the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium. Obstetric care in the USSR and other socialist countries is an important aspect of maternal and infant protection and is carried out together with prenatal care of the fetus. The development of obstetric care is closely related to advances in obstetrics, gynecology, and pediatrics.

In prerevolutionary Russia no state system existed to protect the health of mothers and newborns. In 1912 there were only 7,500 hospital beds for pregnant women and puerperae, and in what is now the Armenian SSR, Tadzhik SSR, and Moldavian SSR there was not a single obstetric bed. Only 5 percent of all puerperae received medical care, and only nine consultation clinics for women and children were in operation. More than 30,000 women died in childbirth annually. Infant mortality was extremely high, with 269 children out of 1,000 dying in the first year of life (1913).

Prevention is the basis of obstetric care in the USSR. A vast network of special medical facilities has been established. In 1973 there were 224,000 beds for pregnant women and puerperae, and more than 22,000 consultation clinics for women and children were in operation. In 1974 there were 47,100 obstetricians and gynecologists and 91,500 pediatricians. Infant mortality in 1973 was 23 per thousand births. The establishment in 1948 of maternity hospitals with gynecologic consultation clinics led to further improvement in the quality of obstetric and gynecologic care.

Obstetric care in other socialist countries is similar to that in the USSR. No similar system exists in capitalist countries, where childbirth, as a rule, takes place in paid medical establishments, at home, or in the obstetrics department of a hospital.


Rein, G. E. Rodovspomozhenie v Rossii. St. Petersburg, 1906.
Levi, M. F. Istoriia rodovspomozheniia v SSSR. Moscow, 1950.
Petrovskii, B. V. “Dostizheniia v okhrane zdorov’ia zhenshchin i detei za 50 let SSSR.” Vestnik AMN SSSR, 1973, no.6.


References in periodicals archive ?
Kwara State House of Assembly has commended positive impact of a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO), the Wellbeing Foundation, in the area of emergency obstetric care and newborn care in 48 healthcare facilities across the state.
For women anywhere, we know that 42 per cent of all pregnancies will have a complication, and 15 per cent will have a life-threatening complication -- so a lack of access to emergency obstetric care makes giving birth extremely dangerous for displaced women.
For example, many Rohingya children's immunization statuses are very low, around 50 percent of Rohingya children are malnourished and anaemic, and some two-thirds of pregnant women have no or very limited access to obstetric care.
Capacity building of MBBS doctors in Anesthesia (LSAS) and Obstetric Care including C-section (EmOC) skills to overcome the shortage of specialists in these disciplines, particularly in rural areas.
This new facility will provide much needed comprehensive emergency obstetric care, basic neo-natal care, family planning, as well as serve as a training hub for doctors and paramedics.
ACOG is recommending that obstetric care facilities post guidelines regarding the diagnosis methods and management techniques of postpartum hemorrhage.
It is mainly caused by prolonged obstructed labour without timely emergency obstetric care but can be repaired through a surgical procedure, they added.
For obstetric care, private sector clients received 40% of the recommended practices compared to 28% in the public sector.
Why have BCUHB agreed a long-term plan to continue obstetric care at three hospitals knowing the increased risk for mothers and babies 'due to incomplete medical rotas'?
Obstetric fistula still exists because healthcare systems, especially in developing countries, fail to provide accessible, quality maternal healthcare, including skilled care at birth, basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric care, and affordable treatment of obstetric fistula," the world body notes.
The top 500 of the 3,200 hospitals in the United States that offer obstetric care account for almost half of all deliveries.
the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine in August released new screening guidance as part of their Obstetric Care Consensus Series.