sleep apnea

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Related to Obstructive Sleep Apnea: central sleep apnea, Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

sleep apnea,

episodes of interrupted breathing during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which relaxation of muscles in the throat repeatedly close off the airway during sleep; the person wakes just enough to take a gasping breath. This process is repeated many times during sleep and usually is not remembered the next day. Those suffering from severe obstructive sleep apnea typically complain of sleepiness, irritability, forgetfulness, and difficulty in concentrating. They may have difficulties in their occupational or social lives and be prone to motor vehicle accidents.

Most people with obstructive sleep apnea tend to be obese and snore loudly. The disorder has been medically linked to hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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, which in turn puts people at greater risk of heart failure and stroke. Weight reduction in persons who are overweight is an important factor in effective treatment. Alcoholic drinks near bedtime and sleeping pills should be avoided. Sometimes obstructive sleep apnea can be treated by surgically correcting the narrowing of the airway. Another option is continuous positive airway pressure, which involves wearing a mask over the nose and mouth during sleep; this treatment keeps the airway open by forcing air into the nasal passages. A different type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, is believed to be caused by an abnormality in the brain's regulation of breathing during sleep.

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The CPAP machine is frequently prescribed for treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea is common in general population and associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in both population- and clinic-based epidemiological studies.
Sympathetic activity in obese subjects with and without obstructive sleep apnea.
The effects of nasal dilation on snoring and obstructive sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea have a significant adverse effect on serum soluble cell adhesion molecule-1 levels that may be reduced by nasal CPAP treatment.
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Global Markets Direct's, 'Obstructive Sleep Apnea - Pipeline Review, H1 2016', provides an overview of the Obstructive Sleep Apnea pipeline landscape.
In a small study, UCLA researchers reported that obstructive sleep apnea contributes to a breakdown of the blood-brain barrier.
The first evidence that obstructive sleep apnea contributes to a breakdown of the blood-brain barrier, which plays an important role in protecting neurologic tissue, has been reported by researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles.
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been shown to increase the risk for pulmonary hypertension, ischemic heart disease, stroke, congestive heart failure, and arrhythmias.

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