sleep apnea

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sleep apnea,

episodes of interrupted breathing during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which relaxation of muscles in the throat repeatedly close off the airway during sleep; the person wakes just enough to take a gasping breath. This process is repeated many times during sleep and usually is not remembered the next day. Those suffering from severe obstructive sleep apnea typically complain of sleepiness, irritability, forgetfulness, and difficulty in concentrating. They may have difficulties in their occupational or social lives and be prone to motor vehicle accidents.

Most people with obstructive sleep apnea tend to be obese and snore loudly. The disorder has been medically linked to hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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, which in turn puts people at greater risk of heart failure and stroke. Weight reduction in persons who are overweight is an important factor in effective treatment. Alcoholic drinks near bedtime and sleeping pills should be avoided. Sometimes obstructive sleep apnea can be treated by surgically correcting the narrowing of the airway. Another option is continuous positive airway pressure, which involves wearing a mask over the nose and mouth during sleep; this treatment keeps the airway open by forcing air into the nasal passages. A different type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, is believed to be caused by an abnormality in the brain's regulation of breathing during sleep.

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Assesment of Anterior Segment Findings in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Turkiye Klin J Ophthalmol 2016; 25: 25-9.
Usefulness of truncal obesity indices as predictive factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Obesity (Silver Spring).
The distribution of nocturia between genders, patients with or without comorbid conditions and Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome Patients Nocturia (+) Nocturia (-) Total Male - n (%) 117 (55.2) 59 (44.8) 212 Female - n (%) 59 (52.7) 53 (47.3) 112 Comorbid conditions (+) - n (%) 75 (62.0) 46 (38.0) 121 Comorbid conditions (-) - n (%) 101 (49.8) 102 (50.2) 203 OSAS (+) - n (%) 158 (60.8) 102 (39.2) 260 OSAS (-) - n (%) 18 (28.1) 46 (71.9) 64 Patients p Male - n (%) NS Female - n (%) NS Comorbid conditions (+) - n (%) NS Comorbid conditions (-) - n (%) NS OSAS (+) - n (%) [less than or equal to]0.001 OSAS (-) - n (%) [less than or equal to]0.001 OSAS: Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome, NS: Not significant Table 2.
Lorenzi-Filho, "Effects of oropharyngeal exercises on patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome," American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.
Matsuo et al., "Elevated levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome are decreased by nasal continuous positive airway pressure," Circulation, vol.
Caption: Figure 2: Comparison of Framingham Risk Score (FRS) between controls and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients.
Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome screening in mood disorder patients.
(1996) Effects of NCPAP therapy on fibrinogen levels in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Am.
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common form of sleep disordered breathing.
These studies found that the frequency of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) among patients with FMS tended to increase.
In the year 2002, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended all American children to be screened for snoring to differentiate normal primary snoring from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in kids.

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