Unterwalden

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Unterwalden

Unterwalden (o͝onˈtərväldən), canton, central Switzerland, one of the Four Forest Cantons. A mountainous, forested, and chiefly pastoral region, Unterwalden is divided into the half cantons of Obwalden (1993 pop. 30,200), 190 sq mi (492 sq km), in the west, with its capital at Sarnen, and Nidwalden (1993 pop. 34,900), 106 sq mi (275 sq km), in the east, with its capital at Stans. Dairying and woodworking are the main occupations of Obwalden, while the economy of Nidwalden revolves around its winter tourist facilities. The population of Unterwalden is German-speaking and Roman Catholic. In 1291, Unterwalden formed with the cantons of Uri and Schwyz a league that became the nucleus of the Swiss Confederation (see Switzerland). The two half cantons officially split from each other in 1340, although generally they continued to act as one unit. They gained sovereign status as individual units in 1803.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Unterwalden

 

a canton in Switzerland. Unterwalden consists of two demicantons—Nidwalden and Obwalden. Nidwalden has an area of 300 sq km and a population of 27,000 (1974); its capital is Stans. Obwalden has an area of 500 sq km and a population of 26,300, and its capital is Sarnen.

In the fifth and sixth centuries, Unterwalden was conquered by the Alamanni, who subjugated the region’s inhabitants, the Helvetii. At the turn of the 13th century, the region became dependent on the Austrian Hapsburgs. In 1291, Unterwalden signed a treaty of perpetual alliance with the cantons of Uri and Schwyz, thus forming the Swiss state. The united cantons achieved independence from the Hapsburgs in 1308, and their independence was strengthened by their victory at Morgarten in 1315.

Unterwalden became one of the main areas for recruiting Swiss mercenaries into European armies in the late 15th century. In the 16th century, Unterwalden and other economically backward cantons opposed the Reformation in Switzerland. From 1789 to 1803 it was part of the “one and indivisible” Helvetian Republic. In the mid-19th century, Unterwalden joined the reactionary unions known as the League of Sarnen and the Sonderbund.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Unterwalden

a canton of central Switzerland, on Lake Lucerne: consists of the demicantons of Nidwalden (east) and Obwalden (west). Capitals: (Nidwalden) Stans; (Obwalden) Sarnen. Pop.: (Nidwalden) 38 900 (2002 est.); (Obwalden) 33 000 (2002 est.). Areas: (Nidwalden) 274 sq. km (107 sq. miles); (Obwalden) 492 sq. km (192 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Die Inventarisierung in vier weiteren Kantonen (Luzern, Nidwalden, Obwalden und Schwyz) wurden kurz nach Beginn aus unterschiedlichen Grunden abgebrochen.
121.7 61 Financially weak cantons Graubunden 112.2 58 Fribourg 126.4 47 Uri 144.2 40 Jura 126.6 38 Valais 121.3 32 Obwalden 146.5 30 Switzerland 100 100 Share of Grants from Total Cantonal Cantons Revenues (%) Financially potential cantons Zug 32.5 Basel-City 14.9 Geneva 14.9 Zurich 31.1 Nidwalden 43.4 Cantons with average financial potential Schwyz 35.7 Basel-Land 27.8 Aargau 28.7 Vaud 26.3 Schaffhausen 28.2 Ticino 30.8 Thurgau 29.1 St.
Three years ago, Obwalden voted itself a 1.8 percent local income tax rate and a 6.6 percent corporate tax rate.
Tax competition reached a new level in 2005 in Obwalden, in the centre of Switzerland.
IN SWITZERLAND, officials at the canton of Obwalden have been doing everything imaginable to make rich people feel wanted.
The authors wish to thank the local forestry staff of the Cantons Schwyz (Felix Cuny), Nidwalden (Urs Braschler), Obwalden (Joseph Hess), and Glarus (Pascal Heldher) for providing the study objects, Prof.
The 200-strong team, of Canton Obwalden, have built 100 igloos, some with kitchens, fireplaces and ice sofas.
The first of these cantons, Obwalden, introduced its religion and ethics program in 2005.
Both children - a girl aged two and her four-year-old brother - were killed instantly, said Stefan Kuechler, a spokesman for Obwalden state police.
35749 0.76 1 0.5 Nidwalden 27492 0.58 1 0.5 Uri 25431 0.54 2 1 Glarus 24607 0.52 2 1 Obwalden 22541 0.47 1 0.5 Appenzell I.Rh.