These included - those related to reducing the cost of cultivation, enhancing the production through efficient use of water or other inputs, providing remunerative price to farmers by incentivising aggregation and market infrastructure, rehabilitation of agricultural land and assets after natural hazards or re-plantation using MGNREGA fund and bringing diversification in agriculture to help occupational diversification
and maximising profit.
Scholars of politics, sociology, anthropology, and other areasafrom the US, Australia, Europe,aand Indiaadiscuss rural transformation, education,aand occupational diversification
in Western Uttar Pradesh; Muslims and theaPulse polio initiative in rural north India; the pursuit of social justice for health, education, and development foraDalits; Dalit and low-caste female activists; identity politics and Yadav-Muslim relations; women's activism and identity politics; the political activities and social experienceaofathe Mallahacommunity; the relationship between Hindu traders and Muslim producers inaVaranasi's silk sari industry; and democracy and development inathe region.
Occupational diversification reduces poverty and vulnerability among rural women .
The concept of occupational diversification is emerging as a survival strategy for rural households in developing countries [3, 4].
Occupational diversification becomes pertinent in order for the rural women to cope with the aforementioned factors.
Looking at the definitions of occupational diversification by different authors, the writer now defines occupational diversification in this context as all economic activities which involve farm and non-farm activities in rural areas.
High variability in crop yield and thus income variability arising from the vagaries of weather makes occupational diversification important for the rural women in order to improve their economic status.
The paper is an opinion piece, designed to identify areas of occupational diversification among rural women; effects of occupational diversification; and various governmental and non-governmental programmes/efforts for economic empowerment of rural women.
All these classifications are useful to make sense of the nature of the choices entailed by occupational diversification processes .
Women's workforce attachment is becoming increasingly similar to men's, with rising labor force participation rates and overall occupational diversification
. However, many factors impede women's ability to achieve the same employment-based economic security that men experience.