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a city (since 1926) and the administrative center of Ochamchira Raion, Abkhazian ASSR. Situated on the Black Sea, at the mouth of the Galidzga River. Population, 19,000 (1974). Ochamchira has a railroad station on the Armavir-Samtredia line, and there is a 26-km-long branch line from Ochamchira to Tkvarcheli. It has an oil-extraction plant, a cannery, two tea factories, a tobacco-curing enterprise, and an industrial combine. A poultry hatchery was under construction in 1974.
Archaeological remains dating from various times have been discovered in the region of Ochamchira. The most thoroughly examined of these is a settlement located 5 km north of Ochamchira. Investigated by M. M. Ivashchenko and L. N. Solov’ev in 1935–36, it contains strata from the early Bronze Age, ancient Greek and Roman times, and the Middle Ages. In the oldest stratum, dating back to the third millennium B.C., excavations have uncovered shards (for the most part of crudely made clay vessels of various shapes), sinkers and other implements made of pebbles, stone grain mortars, flint arrowheads, inserts for sickles, and various implements made of bone. The inventory of this stratum resembles the inventory from the dolmens and other remains of the early Bronze Age in Abkhazia and the Colchis Lowlands. The Ochamchira region has settlements well known for their painted textiles, which date back to the first millennium B.C. It is theorized that there was a Greek trading post here during ancient times.
REFERENCESSolov’ev, L. N. “Eneoliticheskoe selishche u Ochemchirskogo porta v Abkhazii.” In Materialy po istorii Abkhazii (collection 1). Sukhumi, 1939.
Anchabadze, Z. V. htoriia i kul’tura drevnei Abkhazii. Moscow, 1964.