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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city (since 1926) and the administrative center of Ochamchira Raion, Abkhazian ASSR. Situated on the Black Sea, at the mouth of the Galidzga River. Population, 19,000 (1974). Ochamchira has a railroad station on the Armavir-Samtredia line, and there is a 26-km-long branch line from Ochamchira to Tkvarcheli. It has an oil-extraction plant, a cannery, two tea factories, a tobacco-curing enterprise, and an industrial combine. A poultry hatchery was under construction in 1974.

Archaeological remains dating from various times have been discovered in the region of Ochamchira. The most thoroughly examined of these is a settlement located 5 km north of Ochamchira. Investigated by M. M. Ivashchenko and L. N. Solov’ev in 1935–36, it contains strata from the early Bronze Age, ancient Greek and Roman times, and the Middle Ages. In the oldest stratum, dating back to the third millennium B.C., excavations have uncovered shards (for the most part of crudely made clay vessels of various shapes), sinkers and other implements made of pebbles, stone grain mortars, flint arrowheads, inserts for sickles, and various implements made of bone. The inventory of this stratum resembles the inventory from the dolmens and other remains of the early Bronze Age in Abkhazia and the Colchis Lowlands. The Ochamchira region has settlements well known for their painted textiles, which date back to the first millennium B.C. It is theorized that there was a Greek trading post here during ancient times.


Solov’ev, L. N. “Eneoliticheskoe selishche u Ochemchirskogo porta v Abkhazii.” In Materialy po istorii Abkhazii (collection 1). Sukhumi, 1939.
Anchabadze, Z. V. htoriia i kul’tura drevnei Abkhazii. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Military experts have attempted to evaluate the purpose of Russian military bases in Gudauta and Ochamchira (in Abkhazia) and Java (South Ossetia).
In addition to the Russian troops in the South Caucasus, about 88,000 Russian troops are stationed nearby in the North Caucasus, naval forces of Russia's Caspian Sea Flotilla are based in Astrakhan, and some naval forces of the Black Sea Fleet are docking at the port of Ochamchira in Abkhazia, Georgia.
A part of the Black Sea Fleet also was deployed to Ochamchira in Abkhazia.
Russian naval units landed marines at Ochamchira in Abkhazia and bombers attacked targets across the country, flying 400 sorties in 5 days, including 120 sorties on August 9 alone.
The first signs of this are already evident: in January 2009 Russia decided to start building the base for its Black Sea military fleet in the Abkhazian city of Ochamchira. (47) Other Abkhazian ports can be also, in principle, used for military purposes.
(47) "Rossiya sozdast bazy voennix korablei ChF v Abkhazskom Portu Ochamchira" ("Russia will establish the base for military ships of the Black Sea Fleet in the Abkhazian port of Ochamchira"), Gazeta.ru, January 26, 2009 (http://www.gazeta.ru/news/lastnews/2009/01/26/n 1321526.shtml).
The head of Georgia's national security council said Sunday that Russian naval vessels had arrived in the Abkhaz port of Ochamchira.
By year's end, Russia pronounced the two territories independent and announced its intent to build more bases, particularly in Abkhazia: an airbase in Gadaut and a resuscitation of the Soviet naval facility at Ochamchira to accommodate the probable 2017 expulsion of the Russian Black Sea fleet from Crimea's Sevastopol.