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(both: ŏ`krĭdə), town (1981 est. pop, 64,200), North Macedonia, on a rock above Lake Ohrid, on the Albanian border. North Macedonia's chief resort, it is a tourist and commercial center, as well as a railroad terminus. Fishing and farming are the chief occupations. Ohrid stands on or near the site of the Greek colony of Lychnidos, founded in the 3d cent. B.C. It was captured by the Romans in A.D. 168 and became a major trade center and an early episcopal see. In the 9th cent. Ohrid was incorporated into the first Bulgarian empire, and in the 10th cent. it became the seat of the Bulgarian patriarchate and flourished as the political and cultural center of Bulgaria. Traditionally a Slavic cultural center, Ohrid served as a conduit of Christianity into other Slav-inhabited areas. After Ohrid's reconquest in 1018 by the Byzantine Empire, the patriarchate was abolished; but the town remained a metropolitan see. Ohrid was captured by the Serbs in 1334 and fell to the Turks in 1394. It was briefly reconquered by the Albanian hero Scanderbeg in the 15th cent. During World War I, Ohrid was taken by Serbian troops; after the war, it was joined to Yugoslavia. Bulgarian forces held the town during World War II, but it was then restored to Yugoslavia and incorporated into the constituent republic of Macedonia (now North Macedonia). Ohrid's numerous ancient churches and other historical relics include the cathedrals of St. Sophia (9th cent.) and St. Clement (1299), both with medieval frescoes; two 14th-century churches; and the walls and towers of the former Turkish citadel. The town is also noted for its museums, galleries, fishing institute, and other educational facilities.



(or Okhrida), a city in Yugoslavia, situated on Lake Ohrid in the Socialist Republic of Macedonia. Population, 26,-000 (1971). There is a railroad station and an airport in the city.

A mountain health resort and a popular international tourist center, Ohrid has a school of artistic wood carving and museums of history and art. It also has a hydrobiological research institute.

Known since the third century B.C., Ohrid, with its narrow streets and picturesque old buildings, has largely preserved its medieval appearance. Atop Mount Ohrid is the castle of the Bulgarian tsar Samuil. Built as a Byzantine fortress in the fifth century, it was rebuilt in the early 11th century. Other historical monuments in or near the city include the ninth-century Monastery of St. Clement, dedicated to St. Panteleimon, on Mount Ohrid (its church was converted into a mosque) and the ninth-century Church of St. Sofia (rebuilt c. 1037–50), with frescoes dating from the 11th to 14th centuries. Among the numerous cruciform, domed churches are the Church of St. Clement (originally the Perivleptos Virgin), built in 1295, with additions from the 14th and 19th centuries and late-13th-century frescoes by the masters Mihailo and Eutichius; the Church of St. Nicholas of Bolnica, with 14th-century frescoes; the Church of St. John the Divine; the Church of Our Lady of Bolnica, with frescoes from the 14th to 17th centuries; and the “small” Church of St. Clement, with 14th-century frescoes (the last four churches were built in the 14th century). New buildings were built after 1945, including resort buildings and apartment houses. The Palas Hotel, designed by E. Mihevc, was built in the late 1950’s.


Pavlović, M., and C. Grozdanov. Ohrid. Belgrade, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
"I will, on occasion, allow people to knock me about, if it is politic to do so, but I will not have interference with George when I am stuck somewhere in the middle of a Balkan country." Still later, when a bus driver spoke in favor of motor transport over bicycles, Newman accepted the challenge of a race from Debar to Ochrid. He covered the sixty-five kilometers in three and one half hours, easily beating the bus and avenging George's honor.
In the summer of 1053, most likely, Archbishop Leo of Ochrid, no doubt with the full approval of the patriarch, fired an opening salvo against Latin practice, sending a letter to Italy, addressed to Bishop John of Trani, which he was supposed to pass along to the pope.
Kliment of Ochrid university in Sofia (1961) and was awarded his doctorate in law in 1977.
Agapetos, Theofylakt Von Ochrid, Thomas Magister, Stuttgart, 1981.
The Public Issues Committee received a proposal to condemn the incarceration of Archbishop Jovan of Ochrid and Metropolitan of Skopje (FYROM).
The Conclusion reviews her arguments but also makes particular use of the twelfth-century Defence of Eunuchs by Theophylact of Ochrid to support her case.
(6) Marcel Richard, "Le Florilege eucharistique du Codex Ochrid, Musee National 86," Charisterion eis Anastasion K.
Last week I went on a culinary mission to Ochrid in Macedonia, courtesy of Tives Wines.
Theophylact of Ochrid: Reading the Letters of a Byzantine Archbishop.
Or again, at the cathedral of St Sophia in Ochrid (the seat of an independent patriarchate from the 10th to the 18th centuries) both Catholic and Orthodox saints were painted around the altar in the mid-11th century - at the very time of the Schism between Eastern and Western Christianity in 1054.
The western limit of the kingdom was later extended to include Tymphaea and Parauaea at the expense of the Molossians, and to the east shore of Lake Lychnitis (Ochrid) at the expense of Illyrians.
Clement of Ochrid attributed to Theophylact of Ochrid, the letters invented by Constantine-Cyril to render the sounds of Old Church Slavonic are called [TEXTO IRREPRODUCIBLE EN ASCII] (Iliev 82 and 70-71, for authorship and date) (16).