Born Jan. 27, 1872, in the village of Korni near Botoşani; died Apr. 3, 1944, in Bucharest. Rumanian painter.
Băncilă represents the democratic tendency in Rumanian art of the first third of the 20th century. He studied in Iaşi at the School of Fine Arts (1887-93), and in Munich at the Academy of Art (1894-98) and with A. Ažbè. His paintings on the theme of the peasant uprising of 1907 are imbued with passionate social protest. Băncilă painted character studies (for example, The Old Tailor, 1908, and The Worker, 1911, both in the Art Museum of the Rumanian Socialist Republic, Bucharest). Băncilă’s keen social sense was muted in his later works.