Octave Mirbeau


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Mirbeau, Octave

 

Born Feb. 16, 1848, or 1850, in Trévières, Calvados department; died Feb. 16, 1917, in Paris. French writer.

The son of a physician, Mirbeau graduated from the Jesuit college in Vannes. He was influenced by anarchist ideas and the aesthetics of the decadents. His first book of short stories, Letters From My Cottage (1886), is marked by a striving for truth, as are the novel Calvary (1886; Russian translation, 1908) and the anticlerical novels Abbe Jules (1888; Russian translation, 1907) and Sébastien Roch (1890; Russian translation, 1907). However, the realism of these novels is weakened by naturalistic detail and recourse to the realm of mental disorder.

In the mid-1890’s, Mirbeau established close ties with the democratic intelligentsia. Together with E. Zola, he came out in defense of Dreyfus. His play The Evil Shepherds (1897; Russian translation, 1900) centers on the struggle between workers and factory owners. His best play, Business Is Business (1903; Russian translation, The Power of Money, 1903), continues his tendency toward socially meaningful drama. Mirbeau’s last works were the book of travel essays The 628-E8 Automobile (1907; Russian translation, Automobile Journey, 1908) and the play The Hearth (1908; Russian translation, 1908), in which he satirizes bourgeois philanthropy.

WORKS

Oeuvres completes, vols. 1–9. Paris, 1934–36. In Russian translation: Poln. sobr. soch., vols. 1–10. Moscow, 1908–11.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 5. Moscow, 1970.

I. IU. PODGAETSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
El encuentro es memorable y acaso meno menos predecible que el ocurrido en los cabriolets donde Emma Bovary se veia con sus amaines, pues todo es una vertiginosa excursion de Knut, arrastrando a Sonia por los centros comerciales a fin de que lo vea robar para ella, con un ultimo encuentro semierotico mas propio de Octave Mirbeau que de Klossowski: en el piso mas alto de un edificio abandonado a Knut le basta con besarla despues de verla posar con algunas de las prendas robadas para ella, lo cual me permite regresar a uno de los libros de Saint-Victor, quien se tomo la licencia de mirar a Goethe, que algo sabia de epistolas amorosas, a traves de sus mujeres:
Huysmans, Gustave Flaubert, Maurice Barres, Octave Mirbeau, Paul Verlaine and Charles Baudelaire.
Articles published in La Revue Blanche, L'Echo de Paris, and Le Journal by some of the biggest names in French literature of the era such as Octave Mirbeau, Jean Lorrain, Paul Adam, Laurent Tailhade and Hughes Rebell, as well as a small number of influential critics including Henry Bauer, Paul Roche and Louis Lormel, (2) contributed to that discussion.
O dossie se inicia com o artigo "Detournements naturalistes et horrifiques dans Dingo d'Octave Mirbeau et Cujo de Stephen King" no qual Anna Gural-Migdal mostra a permanencia da estetica naturalista na literatura contemporanea atraves de uma analise dos romances Cujo (1981), do escritor norte-americano Stephen King, e Dingo (1913), do escritor frances Octave Mirbeau.
In La 628-E8 (1907), Octave Mirbeau, a master of iconoclastic, decadent novels such as Le Jardin des supplices (1899), recounts his fantastic experiences zipping around Europe in an early automobile.
The lethal femme-fleur and the parallel between floral cultivation, cruelty, and the putrefaction of flesh are all motifs that recur in Octave Mirbeau's novel Le Jardin des supplices (1894), in which the femme-fleur Clara leads the narrator through the eponymous "jardin des supplices," demonstrating that it draws its robust growth from compost made from the putrefaction of Chinese prisoners who have died of torture and starvation (Mirbeau 169-86).
The avant-garde playwright/director John Jahnke, with a wicked grin, describes Men Go Down (Part 3) as "almost like a Noel Coward absurdist Victorian chamber drama--style series of odd events." In this elliptical, Greek myth-inspired fairy tale, a cocaine-addicted king, Endymion, wakes after a 1,500-year sleep in a Turkish hotel and finds himself trapped in a decadent world, circa 1893, that calls to mind a satirical novel by Octave Mirbeau or Oscar Wilde.
The Frenchmen mentioned are Felix Feneron, Remy de Gourmont, Octave Mirbeau, Stuart Merrill, Adolphe Rette and Marcel Schwob; but there was a considerable degree of variation in the relations of these men with anarchism, with Wilde and even with Symbolism.
Octave Mirbeau, writing in 1901 well after the event, stated that it was Servais who sought out the poet sometime between January and August 1877, perhaps at one of the regular Saturday meetings of Leconte de Lisle's Paris salon.
105-110) juxtaposed with the much more adult concoction/confection, Octave Mirbeau's Le Jardin des Supplices (Torture Garden).
While Gabriel Sarrazin, Edouard Rod, and William Ritter were so enthusiastic that they transposed themes and images culled directly from the Pre-Raphaelites into descriptive sequences in their own novels, Camille Mauclair could be dismissive and Octave Mirbeau was invariably scathing Yet the fictional works of both these writers also contain allusive evocations of the paintings they affected to despise, so they too paid homage of a kind.