odds ratio

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odds ratio

[′ädz ‚rā·shō]
(statistics)
The ratio of the probability of occurrence of an event to the probability of the event not occurring.
References in periodicals archive ?
The odds ratios were calculated by logistic regression, with multivariate adjustment for potentially confounding variables.
Results for this outcome were reported as coefficients rather than as odds ratios because they were from Poisson regression models.
The researchers added the odds ratios to develop adverse event propensity scores, and found that 5.
The likelihood of a preterm second birth varied with the frequency of smoking: The odds ratios ranged from 1.
The odds ratios for early childhood death in those born extremely preterm (from 22 to 27 weeks' gestation) were 6.
People of Filipino and Korean ancestry were least likely to stay on their antidepressants, with odds ratios of 0.
There is still considerable confusion and debate about the appropriate methods for analyzing prevalence studies, and a number of recent papers have argued that prevalence ratios are the preferred method and that prevalence odds ratios should not be used.
For both men and women working in the chemical industry there were odds ratios of 5.
The main outcome measures were pooled adjusted odds ratios calculated by a general variance based random effects method.
Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for renal insufficiency using healthy/gingivitis as the referent group.