Oder-Neisse line


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Oder-Neisse line,

frontier established in 1945 between Germany and Poland; it followed the Oder and W Neisse rivers from the Baltic Sea to the Czechoslovak border. The boundary, desired by most Poles at the expense of Germany, came about as a result of agreements between the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the United States at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences in 1945. The Soviet leader Joseph Stalin endorsed the Oder-Neisse line partly as a compensation for the Polish eastern territories that the USSR had annexed and partly under pressure from the USSR-sponsored Polish government. Although the boundary was originally opposed by the United States and Great Britain because it would make Poland excessively dependent upon the Soviet Union, they sanctioned it informally at Yalta in Feb., 1945. After disputed territories, including the former free city of Danzig (now Gdansk), had been in effect incorporated into Poland and their German population largely expelled, the Potsdam Conference of Aug., 1945, recognized the line as Poland's western frontier pending a peace treaty with Germany. In the absence of such a treaty, an agreement between the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) and Poland recognized the line as the permanent frontier in 1950. The West German government recognized it in 1971. In 1990, during negotiations for German reunification, the East and West German legislatures agreed to recognize the inviolability of the Polish-German border, much to the relief of neighboring states.

Oder-Neisse Line

the present-day boundary between Germany and Poland along the Rivers Oder and Neisse. Established in 1945, it originally separated the Soviet Zone of Germany from the regions under Polish administration
References in periodicals archive ?
As noted above, the answer varies through the other three volumes, which also often omit other parts of the continent to the east of the Oder-Neisse line.
Stalin had obtained the West's blessing for shifting Poland westwards to the Oder-Neisse Line primarily to avoid having to return East Poland which he had annexed in 1939 with Hitler's connivance.
In particular, Golos's earlier books Z dziejow muzyki polskiej (Bydgoszcz: BTN, 1966) and Polskie organy i muzyka organowa (Warsaw: Pax, 1972) filled a gap and proved indispensable to anyone who had any interests in the organological questions arising east of the Oder-Neisse line.
The Oder-Neisse line may soon be the new wall, the new frontier between Europe's haves and its have-nots.
20 The Oder-Neisse line defines a large part of the border between which two countries?
It is now harder for Poles to travel from free Poland to the West than it was in the days of totalitarian Communism, so scared are Western Europeans of allowing Poles, hungry for jobs and hard currency, across the Oder-Neisse line.
When he produced his ten-point reunification plan without consulting anybody and stubbornly refused to recognize the Oder-Neisse Line as Germany's permanent frontier, both Paris and London showed signs of impatience.
In Germany this winter Helmut Kohl shamelessly and successfully used the lost lands" rhetoric of the neo-Nazi Republican Party by refusing to acknowledge Poland's western border along the Oder-Neisse Line.
To overcome this and to contribute to the consolidation of democratic market economies in Eastern Europe, workers from the former Communist satellites should be allowed to earn money west of the Oder-Neisse Line.