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Odovacar(–vā`kər), c.435–493, chieftain of the Heruli, the Sciri, and the Rugii (see GermansGermans,
great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
..... Click the link for more information. ). He and his troops were mercenaries in the service of Rome, but in 476 the Heruli revolted and proclaimed Odoacer their king. Odoacer defeated the Roman general OrestesOrestes
, d. 476, Roman general. With the help of barbarians he deposed (475) the Roman emperor of the West, Julius Nepos, and raised his own son, Romulus Augustulus, to the throne.
..... Click the link for more information. at Piacenza, took Ravenna (the West Roman capital), and deposed Romulus AugustulusRomulus Augustulus
, d. after 476, last Roman emperor of the West (475–76). His father, the general Orestes, deposed Julius Nepos and proclaimed Romulus Augustulus emperor. Orestes ruled for a year in his son's name.
..... Click the link for more information. , last Roman emperor of the West (until the coronation in 800 of Charlemagne). The date 476 is often accepted as the end of the West Roman Empire. However, Odoacer's action made little difference in the status of Western Rome, which had long been prey to the barbarian armies; the emperors had been mere puppets. Emperor ZenoZeno
, d. 491, Roman emperor of the East (474–491). An Isaurian, he succeeded his son Leo II and was the son-in-law of Leo I. During his reign he suppressed several revolts. He was driven from his throne for a period of 20 months (475–76) by the usurper Basiliscus.
..... Click the link for more information. of the East, considering himself heir to the West Roman Empire, reluctantly recognized Odoacer's authority over Italy and granted him the title of patrician. The Roman administration of Italy continued to function under Odoacer, who retained the chief officers of state. In 488, Zeno sent Theodoric the GreatTheodoric the Great,
c.454–526, king of the Ostrogoths and conqueror of Italy, b. Pannonia. He spent part of his youth as a hostage in Constantinople. Elected king in 471 after his father's death, he became involved in intrigues in which he was by turns the ally and the
..... Click the link for more information. , king of the Ostrogoths, into Italy to expel Odoacer. Several times defeated, Odoacer consented (493) to a treaty by which he was to share his authority with Theodoric. Invited to a banquet by Theodoric, Odoacer and his son and chief officers were treacherously assassinated; thus Theodoric made himself master of Italy.
(or Odovacar). Born circa 431; died Mar. 15, 493, in Ravenna. Ruler (“king”) of Italy from 476 to 493.
Odoacer was a member of the German Sciri tribe and the leader of one of the detachments of German mercenaries in the imperial army of the Western Roman Empire. On Aug. 23, 476, he deposed the last Western Roman emperor, Romulus Augus-tulus, and proclaimed himself king of Italy. This event traditionally marks the end of the Western Roman Empire. By 493 the “kingdom of Odoacer” had been conquered by the Ostrogoths, who invaded northern Italy in 488. Odoacer was killed by Theodoric, leader of the Ostrogoths.