Odoacer

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Related to Odovacer: Attila, Alaric, Theodoric, Theodoric the Great

Odoacer

(ōdōā`sər) or

Odovacar

(–vā`kər), c.435–493, chieftain of the Heruli, the Sciri, and the Rugii (see GermansGermans,
great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
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). He and his troops were mercenaries in the service of Rome, but in 476 the Heruli revolted and proclaimed Odoacer their king. Odoacer defeated the Roman general OrestesOrestes
, d. 476, Roman general. With the help of barbarians he deposed (475) the Roman emperor of the West, Julius Nepos, and raised his own son, Romulus Augustulus, to the throne.
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 at Piacenza, took Ravenna (the West Roman capital), and deposed Romulus AugustulusRomulus Augustulus
, d. after 476, last Roman emperor of the West (475–76). His father, the general Orestes, deposed Julius Nepos and proclaimed Romulus Augustulus emperor. Orestes ruled for a year in his son's name.
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, last Roman emperor of the West (until the coronation in 800 of Charlemagne). The date 476 is often accepted as the end of the West Roman Empire. However, Odoacer's action made little difference in the status of Western Rome, which had long been prey to the barbarian armies; the emperors had been mere puppets. Emperor ZenoZeno
, d. 491, Roman emperor of the East (474–491). An Isaurian, he succeeded his son Leo II and was the son-in-law of Leo I. During his reign he suppressed several revolts. He was driven from his throne for a period of 20 months (475–76) by the usurper Basiliscus.
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 of the East, considering himself heir to the West Roman Empire, reluctantly recognized Odoacer's authority over Italy and granted him the title of patrician. The Roman administration of Italy continued to function under Odoacer, who retained the chief officers of state. In 488, Zeno sent Theodoric the GreatTheodoric the Great,
c.454–526, king of the Ostrogoths and conqueror of Italy, b. Pannonia. He spent part of his youth as a hostage in Constantinople. Elected king in 471 after his father's death, he became involved in intrigues in which he was by turns the ally and the
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, king of the Ostrogoths, into Italy to expel Odoacer. Several times defeated, Odoacer consented (493) to a treaty by which he was to share his authority with Theodoric. Invited to a banquet by Theodoric, Odoacer and his son and chief officers were treacherously assassinated; thus Theodoric made himself master of Italy.

Odoacer

 

(or Odovacar). Born circa 431; died Mar. 15, 493, in Ravenna. Ruler (“king”) of Italy from 476 to 493.

Odoacer was a member of the German Sciri tribe and the leader of one of the detachments of German mercenaries in the imperial army of the Western Roman Empire. On Aug. 23, 476, he deposed the last Western Roman emperor, Romulus Augus-tulus, and proclaimed himself king of Italy. This event traditionally marks the end of the Western Roman Empire. By 493 the “kingdom of Odoacer” had been conquered by the Ostrogoths, who invaded northern Italy in 488. Odoacer was killed by Theodoric, leader of the Ostrogoths.

Odoacer

, Odovacar
?434--493 ad, barbarian ruler of Italy (476--493); assassinated by Theodoric
References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of this thirty-year prescription, whereby ownership was once again defined in terms of de facto and de iure possession, was to protect current landholders, presumably Goths, against the actions of individuals (presumably Romans) attempting to reclaim property seized during the initial settlement of the Goths under Odovacer, to assert their continuing title to lands which now housed barbarian settlers, even to claim rights over waste or woodland brought under the plough by these barbarian newcomers.
Following the deposition of Romulus, Odovacer wrote to Emperor Zeno proclaiming that Italy no longer required its own emperor.
Instead of poor and precarious lands in the Balkans, he invited Theoderic to take Italy from Odovacer.