Odyssey


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Odyssey

(ŏd`ĭsē): see HomerHomer,
principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Works, Life, and Legends

Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Odyssey

 

a poem about the travels of Odysseus), an ancient Greek epic poem which, together with the Iliad, has been attributed to Homer.

The poem was completed somewhat later than the Iliad, which it complements but of which it is not a direct continuation. Like the Iliad, the Odyssey was written in hexameter. Later, it was divided by classical bookmakers into 24 books. In contrast to the Iliad, with its heroic themes, the Odyssey contains material drawn primarily from everyday life and fables. The hero is a composite of intellectual and moral qualities. In world folklore a widely encountered hero is the husband who returns to his homeland unrecognized after long years of wandering and arrives on the day of his wife’s remarriage. In the Odyssey, this popular heroic theme is embodied in Odysseus, a participant in the Trojan campaign. Interwoven with this theme is part of another: a son’s search for his father. The sociopolitical and ideological processes of the establishment of a slaveholding society and state in Greece were reflected even in early versions of the Odyssey.

In antiquity, the Odyssey was less highly valued than the Iliad, although both were used as basic educational texts. Both the Odyssey and the Iliad provided Goethe, F. Schiller, and W. Humboldt with material for their theories of the epic. The first Russian prose translations of the Odyssey were completed at the end of the 18th century. V. A. Zhukovskii finished the first Russian verse translation of the work in 1849. The standard modern translation in verse was done by V. V. Veresaev (published posthumously, 1953).

EDITIONS

Homeri carmina, part 2: Homeri Odyssea, vols. 1–2. Translated by A. Ludwich. Leipzig, 1889–91.
The Odyssey of Homer, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Edited by W. B. Stanford. London-New York, 1959. (With commentary.)
In Russian translation:
Gomer, Odisseia. Moscow, 1953.

REFERENCES

Egunov, A. N. Gomer v russkikh perevodakh XVIII-XIX vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Merkelbach, R. Untersuchungen zur Odyssee. Munich, 1951.
Page, D. L. The Homeric Odyssey. Oxford, 1955.
Stanford, W. B. The Ulysses Theme. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1963.
Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Odyssey

Homer’s long, narrative poem centered on Odysseus. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
See: Epic

Odyssey

concerning Odysseus’s difficulties in getting home after war. [Gk. Myth.: Odyssey]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
{117} The rock at the end of the Northern harbour of Trapani, to which I suppose the writer of the "Odyssey" to be here referring, still bears the name Malconsiglio--"the rock of evil counsel." There is a legend that it was a ship of Turkish pirates who were intending to attack Trapani, but the "Madonna di Trapani" crushed them under this rock just as they were coming into port.
{122} I take the following from The Authoress of the Odyssey, p.
{135} Literally "where are the turnings of the sun." Assuming, as we may safely do, that the Syra and Ortygia of the "Odyssey" refer to Syracuse, it is the fact that not far to the South of these places the land turns sharply round, so that mariners following the coast would find the sun upon the other side of their ship to that on which they'd had it hitherto.
{144} From this and other passages in the "Odyssey" it appears that we are in an age anterior to the use of coined money--an age when cauldrons, tripods, swords, cattle, chattels of all kinds, measures of corn, wine, or oil, etc.
{159} This is the only allusion to Sardinia in either "Iliad" or "Odyssey."
This is the year that Odyssey rethinks the putter's shaft.
ENPNewswire-August 28, 2019--Ancestors: The Humankind Odyssey Now Available on PC
Honda is commemorating 25 years of minivan leadership with a special accessory package available on the 2020 Odyssey. With chrome accents, special badges, and available 19-inch wheels, we can purchase the 25th Anniversary package through Honda dealers for all 2020 Odyssey trims.
Odyssey Marine Exploration has acquired a 79.9% equity interest in Bismarck Mining Corporation in exchange for 249,584 shares of Odyssey's common stock.
Synopsis: Homer's Odyssey is the first great travel narrative in Western culture.
The outdoor Cinema El-Housh opened in the historic city of Jeddah with the screening of director Stanley Kubrick's celebrated "2001: A Space Odyssey" to mark the movie's 51st anniversary.