Oeneus


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Oeneus

(ē`nēəs), in Greek mythology, king of Calydon and father of MeleagerMeleager
, hero in Greek mythology. He was the son of Oeneus, king of Calydon, and Althaea. When Meleager was born, a prophecy said that he would die when a certain log in the fire was burned. His mother snatched the log from the fire and hid it.
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. When Oeneus forgot to dedicate the fruits of his first crop to Artemis, she terrorized his kingdom with a wild boar, which was killed in the Calydonian hunt.

Oeneus

Calydonian king; first to cultivate grapes. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 142]
See: Wine
References in classic literature ?
1: When Althea was dead, Oeneus married Periboea, the daughter of Hipponous.
Thoas, son of Andraemon, commanded the Aetolians, who dwelt in Pleuron, Olenus, Pylene, Chalcis by the sea, and rocky Calydon, for the great king Oeneus had now no sons living, and was himself dead, as was also golden-haired Meleager, who had been set over the Aetolians to be their king.
29) Tydeus announces himself to Polynices and Adrastus emphasising his noble lineage with Oeneus and Mars as forefathers.
Oeneus anticipates his wife's fears, admonishing his son: "nor set toward hers thine heart, / Son, lest hate bear no deadlier fruit than love" (ll.
King Oeneus did not offer proper thanks to Artemis, goddess of the hunt.
This in turn would have given a new take on Meleager himself: because his father Oeneus had failed to sacrifice to Artemis, he is punished with the near extinction of his wider family in a whole chain reaction of misfortunes.
Phocidis ager universus ob iram Dianae, quia Oeneus illam meritis victimarum honoribusprivarat, ab apro insignis magnitudinis vastabatur, qui in Erymantho monteArcadiaenatusfuerat, quem Hercules [.
Oeneus thus illustrates classical precepts about a common type of tragic figure: "quo quis superbus extulit sese altius, / hoc graviusille ac foedius subito ruit," "The higher a proud man raises himself, the harder and more shamefully he falls" (76-77).
And never yet has the wife of Zeus or hateful Eurystheus set such a thing upon me as the woven covering of the Erinyes which the daughter of Oeneus with beguiling face has put upon my shoulders, by which I am perishing'.
Oeneus may have been originally a wine god; his name is derived from the Greek word for wine.
215-17 Diomedes invokes mythical precedent as a model for present action: as their grandfathers Oeneus and Bellerophon lived together in peace in Argos, so now ([Mathematical Expression Omitted], 224) let them both survive together in peaceful comradeship at Troy.
A hero of Greek legend, son of Oeneus of Calydon and Althaea.