Oeneus


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Oeneus

(ē`nēəs), in Greek mythology, king of Calydon and father of MeleagerMeleager
, hero in Greek mythology. He was the son of Oeneus, king of Calydon, and Althaea. When Meleager was born, a prophecy said that he would die when a certain log in the fire was burned. His mother snatched the log from the fire and hid it.
..... Click the link for more information.
. When Oeneus forgot to dedicate the fruits of his first crop to Artemis, she terrorized his kingdom with a wild boar, which was killed in the Calydonian hunt.

Oeneus

Calydonian king; first to cultivate grapes. [Rom. Myth.: Hall, 142]
See: Wine
References in classic literature ?
Thoas, son of Andraemon, commanded the Aetolians, who dwelt in Pleuron, Olenus, Pylene, Chalcis by the sea, and rocky Calydon, for the great king Oeneus had now no sons living, and was himself dead, as was also golden-haired Meleager, who had been set over the Aetolians to be their king.
1: When Althea was dead, Oeneus married Periboea, the daughter of Hipponous.
Oeneus anticipates his wife's fears, admonishing his son: "nor set toward hers thine heart, / Son, lest hate bear no deadlier fruit than love" (ll.
King Oeneus did not offer proper thanks to Artemis, goddess of the hunt.
This in turn would have given a new take on Meleager himself: because his father Oeneus had failed to sacrifice to Artemis, he is punished with the near extinction of his wider family in a whole chain reaction of misfortunes.
Oeneus thus illustrates classical precepts about a common type of tragic figure: "quo quis superbus extulit sese altius, / hoc graviusille ac foedius subito ruit," "The higher a proud man raises himself, the harder and more shamefully he falls" (76-77).
Oeneus, too, advises Meleager of the implicit danger of love's illusions: "nor set towards hers thine heart, / Son, lest hate bear no deadlier fruit than love" (ll.
To Althaea and Oeneus, the virginal Atalanta is "unwomanlike" (l.