Oenothera


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Oenothera

(ēnəthĭr`ə): see evening primroseevening primrose,
common name for the Onagraceae, a family of plants of worldwide distribution, most species of which grow as herbs in the temperate New World, and specifically for members of the genus Oenothera.
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evening primrose

evening primrose

4-5 feet tall (1.5m) The yellow 4-petal flowers open at night, close during the day and grow on branches off the main stem. Soft hairy stem, alternating leaves, High in Omega essential fatty acids (especially the oil made from the seeds), and GLA, a fatty acid the body doesn’t produce, that helps prevent hardening of the arteries, heart disease, eczema, cirrhosis of the liver, multiple sclerosis, and high blood pressure. Evening Primrose is used to lower cholesterol, help sex hormones, both estrogen and testosterone, PMS, menopause, uterine muscles, nervous system, metabolism, diabetes, epilepsy, weight loss, endometriosis, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, cough, migraines, relieve pain and inflammation, breast problems, bowel pains, hemorrhoids, prostate issues and gastro-intestinal disorders. Use in raw stir fry, casserole dishes. The whole plant is edible. Harvest seed pods before they flower, use like ochra. Seed pods are full of lots of tiny seeds. Root tea can be applied to hemorrhoids. The bark and the leaves are astringent and sedative.

Oenothera

 

(evening primrose), a genus of plants of the family Onagraceae. The plants are usually herbs with alternate leaves. The flowers are four-parted, and the fruit is a capsule. There are about 200 American species, distributed primarily in temperate regions. Many species were imported to Eurasia and other continents. The USSR has five species, including the common evening primrose (O. biennis) and O. odorata. Some species are used for genetic research. H. de Vries developed his mutation theory on the basis of tests with O. lamarckiana (also known as O. erythrosepala). Many species and hybrids of Oenothera are ornamentals. Sometimes the genus is divided into several independent genera. For example, O. muricata and O. biennis, both of which are found in the USSR, are sometimes placed in the genus Onagra.

References in periodicals archive ?
Oenothera biennisprefers light textured soils such as sandy, loamy, gravelly soils and alluvium in river floodplains.
Capsular fruits may open partially from the apex to release seeds, as in Oenothera, Dioscorea, or the valves may fall completely away, as in many Malvaceae and Sapindaceae and some Brassicaceae.
I bought an oenothera named African Sun, and meconopsis sheldonii - a gorgeous blue poppy hybrid grown to maintain its true colours and habit for just pounds 4.
Seeds from the native American wildflower Oenothera biennis L.
We examined the effects of both leaf and floral herbivory (bud damage) and determined the relative contribution of direct and indirect effects of damage on female fitness through changes in floral traits for Oenothera macrocarpa (Onagraceae).
Has: wisteria, gallardia (goblin), purple or white coneflower, white oenothera, zinnia, cleome, birdhouse gourd, blue salvia, buttercup daisy
Pollen competition in a species of evening primrose, Oenothera organensis, Munz.
Camissonia and Oenothera bees of Cismontane California and Baja California.
It was filled with lilies and violets, and orchids, and sun-loving golden rods and asters, and oenothera, and purple geraniums, and epilobium, with a hundred others all in bloom, but whose names no one would read, though all the world would love to revel in their beauty as they grow.
5) Davis (1966) classified the embryo sac development into 11 types: Polygonum, Oenothera, Allium, Endymion, Plumbago, Peperomia, Fritillaria, Drusa, Adoxa, Penaea and Plumbagella.
Gray ONAGRACEAE Oenothera sp * OXALIDACEAE Oxalis sp * PASSIFLORACEAE Passiflora sp * 6 40 PHRYMACEAE Mimulus glabratus Kunth * PLANTAGINACEAE Plantago sp* Veronica sp 7 47 POACEAE Poaceae Zea mays L.
Aiton x Nyssa sylvatica Marshall x x x Oenothera biennis L.